Society 12:29 21/09/2012

AP: UN backs naming and shaming of governments and armed groups that recruit or attack children

The U.N. Security Council on Wednesday backed the naming and shaming of governments and armed groups that recruit, kill or sexually attack children in armed conflicts over protests from Russia, China, Pakistan and Azerbaijan, AP reported.

A resolution supporting the U.N. special representative for children and armed conflict and continuing annual reports by the secretary-general identifying those countries and groups victimizing youngsters was approved by a vote of 11-0 with abstentions by the four countries.

The dissenters accused the report’s supporters of trying to expand the naming and shaming list to all countries and not sticking to conflicts that the Security Council is dealing with, which is its mandate. Pakistan also protested that the report includes situations that are not conflicts but acts by terrorists and criminals.

The secretary-general’s latest report in June included Pakistani armed groups as well as Syrian government forces and their allied “shabiha” militias on a list of 52 governments and armed groups that recruit, kill or sexually attack children in armed conflicts. The list includes 32 “persistent perpetrators” that have been on the list for at least five years, including the security forces of seven countries.

The resolution calls on member states to bring those responsible for such violations to justice, either through national or international judicial systems.

The Security Council also reiterated its readiness to adopt “targeted and graduated measures” — a code phrase for sanctions — against persistent perpetrators.

Pakistan’s deputy U.N. ambassador Raza Bashir Tarar said his government supports reporting on violations in conflicts addressed by the council.

Pakistan is not on the council’s agenda and Tarar called allegations against armed groups associated with the Taliban and al-Qaida in the report, “unwarranted and completely misleading.”

“This not only misrepresents Pakistan’s law enforcement and counterterrorism measures but also serves to accord undeserved respectability to terrorists and criminals,” he said.

China’s U.N. Ambassador Li Baodong called for more international support for Pakistan to fight terrorism “rather than creating difficulties and obstacles.” He insisted that the resolution cannot be interpreted “to equalize the incidents of terrorist attacks in Pakistan to armed conflict,” a view echoed by Russia and Azerbaijan.

The Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict, an international network of organizations established in 2001 to end violations against children in armed conflict, said Wednesday’s vote marked the first time a country has ever abstained from a resolution protecting children. It quoted members as calling the abstentions “shocking” and “disappointing.”

Philippe Bolopion, U.N. director for Human Rights Watch, accused Russia, China, Azerbaijan and Pakistan of playing politics, saying their absentions “are a huge disservice to children caught up in conflicts around the world.”

“Children victimized by war do not care whether the country in which they live is on the Security Council’s agenda or not, but instead deserve all the U.N. attention they can get,” he said.

Leila Zerrougui, the new U.N. special representative for children and armed conflict, pointed to the resolution’s success in getting 20 governments and groups to adopt plans to stop recruiting and using children in conflicts. She also pointed to the International Criminal Court’s convictions of Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga and former Liberian president Charles Taylor for using child soldiers.

But Zerrougui said thousands of children are still being victimized, and she urged the council to take action against persistent perpetrators, saying “the cost of inaction has become too high.”

“The situation for children in Syria is dire,” she said, citing attacks on schools, the killing of children in bombings, and youngsters being tortured and subjected to sexual violence, sometimes for weeks.

Syria’s U.N. Ambassador Bashar Ja’afari criticized the secretary-general’s report for implicating the Syrian armed forces for violence against children — and not the leaders of “terrorist groups” which he accused of using armed groups of children to take part in terrorist acts.

Zerrougui said that since the report was published her office has gathered evidence of violations committed by armed groups including the Free Syrian Army, “who may have children associated with their forces.”

A resolution adopted by the U.N. Security Council in 2005 took the first major step to prevent the victimization of young people in war zones by addressing the exploitation of children as combatants and identifying governments and armed groups that recruit child soldiers. In 2009, the council voted to also name and shame countries and insurgent groups engaged in conflicts that lead to children being killed, maimed and raped.



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

20:56
Charges pressed for using violence against policemen performing their official duties
Armenia’s Investigative Committee reports that preliminary investigation of the criminal case initiated on violence used against police...
20:29
Investigative Committee: Charge pressed against 6 persons for being involved in mass disorders
Armenia’s Investigative Committee reports that preliminary investigation of the criminal case initiated on mass disorders implemented on...
20:19
The gunmen have continuously rejected Healthcare Ministry’s recommendation to hospitalize the injured member
Armenian Ministry of Healthcare and the whole healthcare system has always expressed readiness and today is ready to provide medical aid to any...
19:05
Turkish Airlines sacks 211 employees after failed coup attempt
Turkey's state-run Turkish Airlines said on Monday it had fired 211 employees, citing their links to a religious movement President Tayyip...
18:05
Iranian official: Iran may increase gas supply to Armenia
“Iran may expand the volumes of gas supply to Armenia,” Azizollah Ramezani, Director for the National Iranian Gas Company told...
16:49
“Microelectronics” and “Basics of Telecommunication” will be included in the curricula of five more high schools of Armenia
Having already proved its successfulness the unprecedented pilot project implemented last year by the member-organizations to the Union of ICT...
16:24
The National Museum of Aleppo under heavy shelling
The State Museum of Syria’s Aleppo has come under heavy shelling by terrorist groups over the past days. As the local Kandzasar newspaper...
16:06
FIDE World Youth U16 Chess Olympiad: Armenia is leading the table after 3 rounds
Yesterday the matches of round 2 and round 3 were played at FIDE World Youth U16 Chess Olympiad, Chess federation of Armenia reports....
15:47
Der Standard: Austrian swimmer paralyzed during European Games in Baku has not received compensation from organizers so far
Austrian swimmer Vanessa Sahinovic, who was injured during an accident before the start of the European Games in Baku, currently is paraplegic...
15:37
Armenia is an open door to the Christian world for Iran, expert says
Iranian expert, Vali Kuzegar Kaleji said that Armenia is an open door to the Christian world for Iran, IRNA news agency reports. According...
15:00
Wrestler Shant Khachatryan becomes European Cadet Championship winner
The European Cadet Championship came to an end at the Swedish capital Stockholm. On the last competition day wrestlers of 46kg, 54kg, 63kg,...
14:53
Turkish Foreign Ministry thanks Russia for “unconditional support” during the coup
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu expressed gratitude on Monday to the President of Russia for the “unconditional support”...
14:50
First group of Armenian athletes leaves for Rio
The first group of the Armenian athletes participating in the Olympic Games has left for the Olympic capital, ANOC press service reports....
13:58
Yerevan standoff: NSS call to those at Erebuni Police HQ
«Today a call with the following content was made available to those in the [Erebuni] police station», - Ashot Aharonyan, the Head...
12:55
Ansbach explosion: Syrian asylum seeker blows himself up in Germany
A failed Syrian asylum seeker has blown himself up and injured 12 other people with a backpack bomb near a festival in the south German town of...
12:53
Construction of hydropower stations in Kashatagh region
On 24 July Artsakh Republic President Bako Sahakyan visited the Kashatagh region. The Head of the State got acquainted with the construction of...
11:53
Turkey issues detention warrant for 42 journalists
The Turkish government has issued detention warrants for 42 journalists suspected of having links to the failed military coup on July 15, NTV...
11:45
NKR DA: Adversary fired towards Martuni and Matrakert positions
The adversary violated the ceasefire on different directions of the Line of Contact between Nagorno Karabakh and Azerbaijan 28 times by firing...
11:43
World oil prices begin to fall
As a result of e-commerce in London and New York stock exchanges, the oil prices are falling, Gazeta.ru reports. According to the source,...
11:41
Car bomb north of Baghdad kills at least 14
A suicide car bomb killed at least 14 people and wounded more than 30 at the entrance to a town northeast of Baghdad on Monday morning, police...
11:39
Yerevan Standoff: Alek Yenikomshian on expectations of negotiator
Member of “New Armenia” movement, Alek Yenikomshian told the reporters that it’s been over 30 hours that members of...
10:44
Excavations in Tigranakert resume
Tigranaket, Artsakh excavations financed by the NKR Government have launched since July 1, head of the expedition, Hamlet Petrosyan told...
10:13
No incidents recorded at night at Erebuni Police HQ
It’s been over a week, that members of “Daredevils of Sassoun” group have taken over the Police HQ at Khorenatsi Str. Every...
20:02
Vitaly Balasanyan: President Sargsyan held no discussion about giving up the lands
Everyone should realize the no issue may be resolved through arms, Artsakh Hero, member of the NKR Parliament Vitaly Balasanyan told reporters...
18:53
Painting Day-2016 held in Yerevan Zoo
Upon the initiative of the Foundation for the Preservation of Wildlife and Cultural Assets (FPWC) and VivaCell-MTS, the annual Painting Day took...
18:42
Members of the armed group rejected reports about their surrender
“Daredevils of Sasuon”, who have seized the patrol police regiment in Yerevan’s Erebouni district, rejected the reports about...
17:42
Karabakh Army serviceman awarded posthumously
President Bako Sahakyan signed a decree on 23 July according to which the medal "For Service in Battle" was posthumously awarded to...
17:23
Hayk Gasparyan triumphed over Azerbaijani athlete, conquered gold medal
The World 5th Kung Fu championship is underway in Moscow. The representative of the Armenian team Hayk Gasparyan (55kg) became a champion in the...
17:18
Business challenge by VivaCell-MTS
At the 24-th annual summer camp organized by the Junior Achievement of Armenia over 150 schoolchildren from Yerevan and other regions of Armenia...
16:37
Henrikh Mkhitaryan hopes Man United will get stronger
Armenian National and Manchester United midfielder Henrikh Mkhitaryan has commented on the defeat of his team suffered from Borussia Dortmund....

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}