Society 12:29 21/09/2012

AP: UN backs naming and shaming of governments and armed groups that recruit or attack children

The U.N. Security Council on Wednesday backed the naming and shaming of governments and armed groups that recruit, kill or sexually attack children in armed conflicts over protests from Russia, China, Pakistan and Azerbaijan, AP reported.

A resolution supporting the U.N. special representative for children and armed conflict and continuing annual reports by the secretary-general identifying those countries and groups victimizing youngsters was approved by a vote of 11-0 with abstentions by the four countries.

The dissenters accused the report’s supporters of trying to expand the naming and shaming list to all countries and not sticking to conflicts that the Security Council is dealing with, which is its mandate. Pakistan also protested that the report includes situations that are not conflicts but acts by terrorists and criminals.

The secretary-general’s latest report in June included Pakistani armed groups as well as Syrian government forces and their allied “shabiha” militias on a list of 52 governments and armed groups that recruit, kill or sexually attack children in armed conflicts. The list includes 32 “persistent perpetrators” that have been on the list for at least five years, including the security forces of seven countries.

The resolution calls on member states to bring those responsible for such violations to justice, either through national or international judicial systems.

The Security Council also reiterated its readiness to adopt “targeted and graduated measures” — a code phrase for sanctions — against persistent perpetrators.

Pakistan’s deputy U.N. ambassador Raza Bashir Tarar said his government supports reporting on violations in conflicts addressed by the council.

Pakistan is not on the council’s agenda and Tarar called allegations against armed groups associated with the Taliban and al-Qaida in the report, “unwarranted and completely misleading.”

“This not only misrepresents Pakistan’s law enforcement and counterterrorism measures but also serves to accord undeserved respectability to terrorists and criminals,” he said.

China’s U.N. Ambassador Li Baodong called for more international support for Pakistan to fight terrorism “rather than creating difficulties and obstacles.” He insisted that the resolution cannot be interpreted “to equalize the incidents of terrorist attacks in Pakistan to armed conflict,” a view echoed by Russia and Azerbaijan.

The Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict, an international network of organizations established in 2001 to end violations against children in armed conflict, said Wednesday’s vote marked the first time a country has ever abstained from a resolution protecting children. It quoted members as calling the abstentions “shocking” and “disappointing.”

Philippe Bolopion, U.N. director for Human Rights Watch, accused Russia, China, Azerbaijan and Pakistan of playing politics, saying their absentions “are a huge disservice to children caught up in conflicts around the world.”

“Children victimized by war do not care whether the country in which they live is on the Security Council’s agenda or not, but instead deserve all the U.N. attention they can get,” he said.

Leila Zerrougui, the new U.N. special representative for children and armed conflict, pointed to the resolution’s success in getting 20 governments and groups to adopt plans to stop recruiting and using children in conflicts. She also pointed to the International Criminal Court’s convictions of Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga and former Liberian president Charles Taylor for using child soldiers.

But Zerrougui said thousands of children are still being victimized, and she urged the council to take action against persistent perpetrators, saying “the cost of inaction has become too high.”

“The situation for children in Syria is dire,” she said, citing attacks on schools, the killing of children in bombings, and youngsters being tortured and subjected to sexual violence, sometimes for weeks.

Syria’s U.N. Ambassador Bashar Ja’afari criticized the secretary-general’s report for implicating the Syrian armed forces for violence against children — and not the leaders of “terrorist groups” which he accused of using armed groups of children to take part in terrorist acts.

Zerrougui said that since the report was published her office has gathered evidence of violations committed by armed groups including the Free Syrian Army, “who may have children associated with their forces.”

A resolution adopted by the U.N. Security Council in 2005 took the first major step to prevent the victimization of young people in war zones by addressing the exploitation of children as combatants and identifying governments and armed groups that recruit child soldiers. In 2009, the council voted to also name and shame countries and insurgent groups engaged in conflicts that lead to children being killed, maimed and raped.



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

19:43
The Last Time Officials Handed over to the Central Depository of Armenia Gifts Covered with Precious Stones was 15 Years Ago
During the passing year no gift received from the perspective of the job duties which is made of precious metals or covered with precious stones...
19:39
The Export of Works of Art Decreased By 59.1% in 2015
According to the results published by the National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia, works of art with total amount of 660.3...
19:36
Z. Hovhannisyan: So As Not to Deteriorate the Situation, We Need to Adopt a Law on Domestic Violence
If there was a law on domestic violence, we wouldn’t have witnessed a few tragic cases. During a meeting on topic of “Domestic...
17:24
Georgi Kutoyan has been Appointed Director of the National Security Service
Georgi Kutoyan has been dismissed from his late position of deputy prosecutor general of the Republic of Armenia by the decree of the President...
17:11
IBM Watson comes to Armenia
On February 11, Watson Day Yerevan 2016 event was held, targeted towards the introduction of IBM Watson and IBM BlueMix to Armenian Tech and...
16:51
Arman Tatoyan has Overcome the First Hurdle
Today the Standing Committee on State and Legal Affairs elected Arman Tatoyan as Deputy Minister of Justice with the majority of votes of 7 and...
16:45
Gabuzyan and Grigoryan started with victories
"Khazar Cup -2016" tournament has been launched in Iran. Armenia delegation is composed of 4 people, which includes Grandmasters:...
16:18
Historic meeting: Rome Pope and Russian Patriarch to address killing of Christians in Middle East
Pope Francis and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church will meet in Cuba next week in what could be a landmark step towards healing the...
16:14
Names of all the Athletes Participating in the European Shooting Championships are Known
This year Gyor city of Hungary is hosting the European Shooting Championships. According to the interview taken by the correspondents of NOCA...
16:08
Van Gogh's ‘The Bedroom’ recreated into apartment in Chicago, available for renting
The Art Institute of Chicago has recreated Vincent Van Gogh's bedroom in an apartment and is renting it out for $10 a night, according to...
15:55
The Exhibition “Fathers and Sons” of Armenian Artists is Displayed in Moscow
In the Museum of the Armenian Diocese of New Nakhichevan and Russia working under the Armenian Apostolic Church monastery a joint exhibition of...
15:40
Azerbaijan authorities ban gravely ill political prisoners Leyla and Arif Yunus from leaving country for medical treatment
Azerbaijan banned prominent rights activists Leyla and Arif Yunus from leaving the country for medical treatment, Agence France-Presse (AFP)...
15:38
Scientists prove theory about gravitational waves predicted by Einstein 100 years ago
Just over 100 years after Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity, scientists have found what Albert Einstein predicted as...
15:31
Azerbaijani soldier killed civilian in Martuni, Nagorno-Karabakh
On February 11, at 16: 00 pm, Azerbaijani sniper deadly wounded  civilian from the Vazgetashen village of Martuni region. The civilian was...
15:26
“City Talks”: more Internet and airtime to other networks
Till July 31, 2016 within VivaCell-MTS’ “City Talks” tariff plan the volume of Internet package has increased. Within Option 1...
15:12
Arman Navasardyan: There will be no Third World War
“I don’t think that there will be significant changes when Saudi Arabia’s forces enter Syria”,-said Arman Navasardyan,...
14:18
Twitter assures – you see messages that matter most when you log in
Twitter engineering manager Mike Jahr said that "important" messages can now be more or less pinned to the top of your timeline, a...
13:31
Madrid City Council to honour an anarchist giving his name to street with Franco-era associations
Just a few years ago it would have been utterly inconceivable that an anarchist would be honoured by having his name given to a street in the...
13:20
Vilen Galstyan: Renowned prima-ballerinas were dancing with me
Vilen Galstyan, People's Artist, Ballet Master of the Armenian National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet after Alexander Spendiaryan,...
11:49
US, French and Russian representatives to the OSCE: Minsk Group has full confidence of all participating States
During a meeting of the Permanent Council of the OSCE, the US Ambassador Daniel Baer said that as a co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group, the United...
20:16
What Mutual Expectations do the Kurds and the Russians Have?
Russian news site Gazeta.ru recently referred to the opening of representative office for Syrian Kurdistan in Moscow. According to the news...
19:45
President Sahakyan expressed hope, that the registered positive dynamics would be maintained in the future too
On 11 February Artsakh Republic President Bako Sahakyan received the delegation of the Republic of Armenia's National Assembly headed by its...
18:13
Shaboyan assures that there are no barriers to entry into the banana market
State Commission for the Protection of Economic Competition of Republic of Armenia gives enough attention to banana’s market. Today, after...
18:10
French Ambassador to OSCE: Minsk Group contributes to achievement of balanced and peaceful resolution to Nagorno Karabakh conflict
The OSCE Minsk Group contributes to achievement of a balanced and peaceful resolution to the Nagorno Karabakh conflict, Véronique...
16:05
Weather gets warmer, temperature in schools rises
There are now no schools remaining closed because of the temperature, Narine Hovhannisyan, the head of the department on public education of the...
14:02
Gohar Iskandaryan: Iran is an active player in the international economy
“It is logical that an interest towards Iran is continuingly growing,”- said senior researcher at the Institute of Oriental Studies...
13:18
Iran to purchase Sukhoi-30 fighter jets from Russia
Iran will sign a contract with Russia for the purchase of Sukhoi-30 fighter jets, Iran's defence minister said, according to the Associated...
12:50
Nestle ends IAAF sponsorship following Adidas for reputation concerns
Food and drink giant Nestle has ended its sponsorship of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), as it fears the doping...
12:44
US to give Google’s self-driving cars legal status of human driver
The US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will consider the software operating Google's pod-like self-driving cars as a driver,...
12:30
Mkhitaryan scores one goal as Borussia Dortmund reaches German Cup semi-finals in game featured by shower of tennis balls
Marco Reus scored one goal and set up another as Borussia Dortmund reached the German Cup semifinals with a 3-1 win at Stuttgart that was...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}