- 13:22 | Armenia Serzh Sargsyan visits Expo Russia-Armenia
The aim of the exhibition is to develop economic, scientific, technological and cultural cooperation between Armenia and Russia, to boost joint business as well as trade, economic and investment ties.
Source: presidential press service
- 11:15 | Armenia Armenian parliament turning into rural club
“The Armenian parliament is gradually turning into a rural club, where MPs are making personal insults.”
- 11:14 | Armenia Minister of Sport may resign soon
Over 3,000 sportsmen, their parents and coaches from 23 sports schools and 2 colleges of the Armenian Ministry of Sport were forced to attend the opposition rally at Yerevan’s Liberty Square on October 10.
- 10:55 | Armenia Khachatryan and Beglaryan dismiss rumors of appointment as Deputy PM
The issue of Territorial Administration Minister and Deputy Prime Minister is likely to be discussed at the meeting of the Republican Party of Armenia (RPA) Council on Thursday.
Source: Haykakan Zhamanak
- 09:04 | In the world Baby killed in Jerusalem hit and run
A Palestinian man rammed his car into commuters waiting at a light rail stop in Jerusalem on Wednesday, killing a baby and wounding several other people.
- 08:55 | In the world White House fence jumper detained by Secret Service
A man jumped over the White House fence Wednesday night -- but he barely made it onto the lawn before two police dogs took him down.
- 08:54 | In the world Ebola: Obama 'optimistic' on virus situation in US
He said many relatives of the only known person to have died of the virus in America seemed to be out of danger.
- 08:49 | In the world Canada's Parliament to resume work on Thursday
The Canadian parliament was shut down, following the shooting of a soldier at Ottawa's National War Memorial by an unknown gunman.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:44 | In the world Somali pirates still holding 37 sailors - UN official
"The international community must continue to support the Somali Government in its efforts to deliver on its commitments outlined in Vision 2016 and the Somali Compact," UN official Jeffrey Feltman said.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:39 | In the world Ottawa shootings: Canada 'not intimidated' - PM Harper
Earlier a gunman killed a soldier at an Ottawa war memorial, before dying in a shootout with police inside parliament.
- 22:00 | In the world The double whammy of arguing with a spouse and a history of depression can increase the risk for obesity in adults
Researchers found men and women with a history of depression who had especially heated arguments with their spouse burned fewer calories after a meal than less argumentative couples.
Source: The Daily Mail
- 21:48 | In the world Russian sub or no, there's a mighty stir in Sweden's waters
Be it a Russian submarine or be it not, whatever has been lurking beneath the waves of the Stockholm archipelago since last week is not only drawing threats of martial force from Sweden's military, it's also getting on Lasse Schmidt's nerves.
- 21:41 | In the world Ebola: WHO emergency team holds talks on travel curbs
The meeting in Geneva will examine screening measures at borders and consider whether stricter travel regulations should be put in place.
- 21:34 | In the world Kurdish fighters killed in Syria buried in Turkey
Hundreds of supporters chanting slogans turned out to accompany three Kurdish fighters — two men and a woman barely out of her teens — to their final resting place in a dusty cemetery on the edge of the Turkish town of Suruc, within view of the Syrian border and the besieged town of Kobani.
Source: ABC News
- 21:26 | In the world Hong Kong protesters shout ‘shame on you’ outside home of city chief
About 200 pro-democracy demonstrators have marched to the home of Hong Kong’s pro-Beijing chief executive Leung Chun-ying, chanting slogans decrying his recent suggestion that democratic elections in the city would give too much voice to the poor.
Source: The Guardian
- 21:19 | In the world Bomb outside Cairo University wounds 10
A bomb exploded outside Egypt's largest and most prominent university in the country's capital on Wednesday, wounding 10 people, including six policemen.
Source: The Associated Press
- 21:13 | In the world Pope Francis inspires cookbook written by Swiss Guard
Armed with pikes and halberds, they have defended Popes for more than five centuries, but the elite soldiers of the Swiss Guard have revealed an unexpected culinary side to their duties, with the publication of a book of favourite pontifical recipes.
Source: The Telegraph
- 21:08 | In the world Iraqi Kurds approve sending fighters to aid Syrian town
Iraqi Kurdish lawmakers approved a plan on Wednesday to send fighters to the Syrian town of Kobani to relieve fellow Kurds under attack by Islamic State militants, marking the semi-autonomous region's first military foray into Syria's war.
- 21:00 | In the world Shots fired inside Canada parliament
A gunman shot a soldier at a war memorial in Ottawa, then ran into the nearby parliament building where he exchanged gunfire with police.
- 17:11 | Armenia Armenia’s future is promising – Ambassador
“Armenia underscored its willingness to continue cooperation with the European Union after joining the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU),” French Ambassador to Armenia Henri Reynaud told reporters.
- 16:35 | Armenia ‘Parliamentary trio’ may become ‘sextet’ – Heritage member
We have repeatedly said that the ‘parliamentary trio’ may become a ‘sextet,’ or two non-government parties may remain in the arena, MP from Heritage Party Tevan Poghosyan told reporters.
- 15:26 | Armenia Leaders of Prosperous Armenia and Armenian National Congress meet
A meeting of the Prosperous Armenia leader and Heritage Party chairman Raffi Hovannisian will also take place today.
- 12:06 | Armenia Meeting of ‘parliamentary trio’ leaders delayed
Heritage faction head Ruben Hakobyan stated that he cannot say when the ‘parliamentary trio’ leaders will meet.
Source: Haykakan Zhamanak
- 11:34 | Armenia Serious agitation among authorities
On the eve of domestic political escalations a serious agitation arose among the authorities.
Source: Chorrord Ishkhanutyun
- 10:46 | Armenia Rosneft gains superprofit
Economist Vahagn Khachatryan told Zhamanak that oil prices do not go down in Armenia because of the monopolies in the sector.
- 10:44 | Armenia Vardan Ayvazyan struggles for post of Territorial Administration Minister
The new Minister of Territorial Administration will be named by the end of this week.
- 10:23 | Armenia Election of Armenian judge at ECHR may be invalidated
Some NGOs plan to file complaints to the court.
- 09:06 | In the world U.N. chief says moving ahead with Gaza war inquiry
The world body has said that tens of thousands of dwellings were damaged or destroyed in 50 days of fighting between Israel and Palestinian militants, and 108,000 people were left homeless.
- 08:55 | In the world Bodies of 4 infants believed found in Canadian storage locker
Police discovered the remains on Monday afternoon after being notified by the storage company, Constable Eric Hofley of Winnipeg Police Service said.
- 08:49 | In the world Former Syrian parliamentarian hunger strikes in Washington
Mohamad, a Kurd who sat in Syria’s parliament in the early 1990s, began an open-ended hunger strike at Dupont Circle on Monday in support of holdouts in his home town, Kobani.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:48 | In the world Ebola serum for Africa patients within weeks, says WHO
Serum made from the blood of recovered Ebola patients could be available within weeks in Liberia, one of the countries worst hit by the virus, says the World Health Organization.
- 08:43 | In the world United Nations consider Islamic State actions against Yazidis to be attempted genocide
"Facts are indicating that actions against Yazidis may amount to attempted genocide," UN Assistant Secretary-General for human rights Ivan Simonovic stated.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:39 | In the world Islamic State: US probes 'stray Syria air drop' in IS video
The US defence department has said it is examining an Islamic State video appearing to show militants in control of US weapons intended for Syrian Kurdish fighters.
- 18:16 | Armenia Famed pianist Tigran Hamasyan to give 100 concerts for Armenian Genocide centenary
World famous jazz pianist, composer Tigran Hamasyan and Yerevan State Chamber Choir plan to give 100 concerts in various countries of the world in 2015, on the occasion of the Armenian Genocide centenary.
- 17:04 | Armenia 478 babies born in Yerevan in one week
Of them, 253 were boys and 225 girls.
Source: Yerevan Municipality
- 17:00 | Armenia Will non-government parties boycott parliamentary discussions?
“The authorities do everything to prevent the discussion of the opposition’s urgent matters in the parliament,” Heritage parliamentary faction head Ruben Hakobyan told reporters.
- 15:27 | Armenia Opposition rally to call for power change
Commenting on the October 10 rally of the opposition parties, Hakobyan said that there can be different opinions, but one thing is obvious: people expected unity, so that rally can be considered a preparation for the October 24 rally.
- 15:26 | Armenia Armenian Ombudsman analyzing results of expertise of Karen Petrosyan’s body
The Armenian Ombudsman has not yet expressed his view on the forensic examination of Karen Petrosyan’s body.
- 13:37 | Armenia Serzh Sargsyan appoints new judges to Civil Court of Appeal
Harutyun Yenokyan, Margarita Hartenyan and Gayane Karakhanyan were appointed judges of the Civil Court of Appeal.
Source: presidential press service
- 12:43 | Armenia Bear escapes from restaurant in Armenia’s Tsakhkadzor
A bear got out of the cage and escaped from Tputner restaurant in the Armenian city of Tsakhkadzor.
- 12:19 | Armenia Economic activity index rises by 5.1 percent
Within nine months of 2014, The agricultural sector recorded a 6.9 percent growth, services 6.8 percent growth, and trade 5.2 percent growth.
Source: Haykakan Zhamanak
- 11:40 | Armenia Rainless weather forecast in Armenia
Precipitation is not expected in Armenia on October 21-24.
Source: MES weather service
- 11:16 | Armenia Sargsyan-Aliyev meeting due in late October
On Sunday, Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan will visit Paris, where he is scheduled to meet with Azerbaijani leader Ilham Aliyev.
Source: Haykakan Zhamanak
- 11:13 | Armenia Mihran Poghosyan buys hotel in Tsakhkadzor
Besides, he has resumed the operation of Fresh supermarket in Komitas Avenue of Yerevan.
- 10:55 | Armenia Gagik Khachatryan most likely candidate for Deputy PM
At the latest meeting of the Republican Party of Armenia (RPA) Council, President Serzh Sargsyan hinted that he intends to appoint Finance Minister Gagik Khachatryan as Deputy Prime Minister.
- 09:18 | Armenia Snowing in some parts of Armenia
Some sections of Vayk-Saravan and Goris-Sisian roads are covered with black ice.
Source: Ministry of Transport
- 09:17 | In the world New Hampshire Pumpkin festival ends in riot
Tear gas and pepper spray hung in the air as police in riot gear descended on Keene, New Hampshire, on Saturday night, trying to disperse a rowdy crowd that brought chaos to the city's 24th annual Pumpkin Festival.
- 09:11 | In the world EU foreign chiefs to talk on Ukraine, Ebola, IS in Luxembourg Monday
EU foreign policy chiefs will meet in Luxembourg on Monday to discuss the Ukrainian crisis, Ebola prevention and the joint anti-Islamic State push, including member states' financial contribution.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 09:05 | In the world Ebola crisis: Spanish nurse tests negative for virus
The result suggests Teresa Romero, 44, is no longer infected - although a second test is required before she can be declared free of Ebola.
- 09:01 | In the world Crowds walk out on Obama’s campaign speech in Maryland
Obama was in Maryland - considered to be a Democratic heartland - to bring grassroots voters to support their Democratic candidate for governor.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:55 | In the world Japanese trade and industry minister quits
Yuko Obuchi is alleged to have used funds from her political support groups and other donations on make-up and other items unconnected to politics.
- 08:51 | In the world US airdrops arms, medical aid for Kurdish defenders in Kobani
US warplanes have airdropped weapons, ammunition and medical supplies for Kurdish troops defending the Syrian border town of Kobani against advancing Islamic State (IS) insurgents.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 13:27 | Armenia Parliament to convene next four-day session on Oct. 20-23
4 issues and 2 international agreements were included in the draft decision on making additions to the agenda of the sixth session of the parliament.
- 12:55 | Armenia Temperatures to fall, rain expected in Armenia
Rain is expected in Armenia on October 18-19 and on the night of October 20.
Source: MES weather service
- 11:41 | Armenia Armenian parliament to convene special session on EEU treaty
The Armenian National Assembly Speaker hosted a consultation meeting on Friday to discuss the ratification of the treaty on Armenia’s accession to the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU).
12:11 29/10/2010 » Politics
“The February victims near Aghdam are a consequence of criminal actions of Azerbaijan’s political elite …”
“The February victims near Aghdam are a consequence of criminal inaction and, at the same time, no less criminal actions of Azerbaijan’s political elite …”
- Director of Information and PR Center Ara Saghatelyan argues.
Director of Information and PR Center Ara Saghatelyan during the presentation of documentary Maragha. 10 April 1992 in the beginning of October informed about the next in the Ordinary Genocide series, devoted to the so-called events in Khojali. xocali.net web-site, launched this spring, is regularly updated with proofs of multiple falsifications and juggling by Azeri propaganda in the issue of death of civilians near Azeri-controlled Khojali (at present - Ivanyan). Based on request from Golos Armenii, Ara Saghatelyan presented some of the new proofs, as well as details of the events from 18 years ago, which will be included into the new film.
- M-r Saghatelyan, how would you shape the key outcome of the work of the task force studying the events in Khojali, which make the cornerstone of Baku’s anti-Armenian propaganda?
- In the first place, the accumulated and systematized materials confirm the reality which is the following: the Azeri version of the so-called events in Khojali is now entirely exhausted. This has been proved yet not by three or five counter-arguments, but by dozens. Doubtlessly, the death of dozens of civilians gives us nothing but a sense of deep sorry. However, for those who studied this matter profoundly and objectively, one thing is clear: the events of the area completely in control of Azeri forces (this relates to both the village of Khojali and Aghdam vicinity) became the direct consequence of at least inaction and targeted policy of the authorities, and at the same time – coordinated actions of political elites of Azerbaijan of the time. The scope of arguments and facts available to the international community, which is now accessible by Armenians as well, is more than convincing to substantiate: official Baku’s version, which for long has made a speculative political asset of Azeri propaganda, is no longer capable of persuading anyone worldwide, with a possible exception of a part of Azeri public. The reason is trivial: excessiveness of falsifications and fictions, gathered in the so-called Khojali file of Azeri propaganda, resulted in rejection from Azeri version by all the experts and stakeholders, this or that way interested in identifying the truth of those events.
- Why do the Azeris persistently name the events “Khojali”, whereas it is known that execution of civilians occurred near Baku-controlled Aghdam?
- Bodies of those who died, the video and photo footage of whom has been voluntarily edited and re-shot later and which are attributed to now deceased cameraman Chingiz Mustafaev, were located close to Nakhichevanik village, and it’s a fact (with the exception of a couple of photos by journalist Viktoriya Ivleva, who pictured victims of fighting in Khojali streets). It is just as irrefutable that all of those areas were in full control of Azeris from Aghdam. Besides overall control over the area in general, immediately in Aghdam, according to the reports of Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry, 26 Azeri military units were located, who were dealing mainly with looting and marauding, of which we have written proofs: copies of reports to the military leadership of Azerbaijan, as well as reports of their General Staff. After all, we need to consider that it was Azeri “political” opposition that made use and took advantage of death of civilians in the first place. Thorough study of documents and circumstances of the situation, including direct confession in 2009 in the program of Liberty Radio (Azadlyg) by Ramiz Fataliev, who chaired Parliament’s commission investigating those events, leaves no doubt that Azeri authorities of the time were deliberately using the civilians as a live shield. And they were executed already in the territory controlled by military units which were subject to various political forces. There is a highly important thing I want to mention here: there was a considerable number of people in military uniform among the dead (the footage of this is contained in our archive as well as in Associated Press’ archive), which means that civilians who in the last hours were deviating from the route of the humanitarian corridor were used by military personnel to save their lives, hiding themselves behind the civilian population.
These are the facts confirmed by people acknowledged and brought in by Azerbaijanis as experts. Moreover, these facts are contained in the testimonies of Azeri political figures, noted in 1992 and, as I mentioned, in the interview of Fataliev. He acknowledged that there was a decision made at the level of Security Council of Azerbaijan: not to take people out of Khojali.
- Can you name such experts?
- Russian photo correspondent Viktorija Ivleva, whose photos were referred to by Azeris to prove their version, argues in an article published in Nezavisimaya Gazeta in 1992 that even after the operation to liberate Khojali the street fighting in the village was under way. This proves that Azeri military personnel were continuing armed resistance. Ivleva said that nearly 1,000 civilians were taken in an organized way and transported by Armenian side to Karabakh, and then returned to Azerbaijan. She also testifies that those people were treated well, and they were provided with food and clothing.
Another example. English expert Thom de Waal, who is pretty frequently cited by Azeris, in one of his latest interviews directly states that there had been no intention on the Armenians’ side, and that the death of the civilians was a consequence of military activities, which unfortunately happens during a war. The video recording of an interview with him is at our disposal and it will be incorporated into the documentary. And after all, the president of Azerbaijan of the time himself, who openly accused the opposition in organizing of a slaughter near Aghdam, in another interview that we have, bitterly confesses to the journalists that “there are people who do not care who to shoot” and that the opposition has various objectives.
- Are there any new proofs of existence of humanitarian corridor left by Karabakh military for the retreat of civilians?
- The corridor existed – that’s a fact. Generally speaking, during the military operation to break the blockade of Stepanakert, destroyed by regular shelling, in the Khojali direction all the norms of international humanitarian law were preserved. If there was no corridor, how could the former Khojali mayor Elman Mamedov leave the town and take his family with him? In 1992, in an interview to Moscow newspaper Megapolis Express (#17, 1992) Mamedov was saying: “We knew that the corridor was left for the civilians”. And then: “After we got the message about the operation to seize the town I asked Aghdam to send in choppers to move the elderly, children and women out of the town. We were told the blockade will be broken the next day, after the operation. But help never came…”
Today Mamedov is a deputy of Milli Majlis and of course he says completely different things. But recently his video interview was uploaded on YouTube, recorded in 1992 with Azeri reporter and cameraman Chingiz Mustafaev, where Mamedov directly accuses the authorities and the opposition of his country. His words confirm what the president of Azerbaijan Ajaz Mutalibov said in an interview with Czech journalist Dana Mazalova and what was published in the Moscow News: “I see the reason of our troubles in pointless and unreasonable fight for power! There has to be only one president in a republic… it is not clear who serves whom and who pursues what objectives. We do not know whom to blame in this tragedy. We do not know whether to put this on the record of those who was trying to dethrone the president, taking advantage of their rights granted by the president and who sent us under the bullets…”
There are many proofs of the existence of humanitarian corridor. For instance, that is the article of Arif Yunusov in Zerkalo newspaper (June 1992), where a map was published with arrows marking direction of the corridor. The map shows as well another route, which was taken by part of the civilians due to an unknown reason, in the direction of Nakhichevanik, which had been firmly controlled by Karabakh soldiers for a long time; this is also testified by the Azerbaijanis themselves. Suleiman Abbasov, who was retreating together with those who remained of defenders and part of Khojali villagers, said “We, together with part of the civilians, reached Nakhichevanik village, in a hope to find a shelter there; before, they told us by radio that the village had been liberated from Armenians. (Megapolis-Express, N17, 1992.)
- A key argument from Baku is the footage attributed to deceased cameramen Mustafaev. You mentioned there is a different footage as well. What is it about and what does that footage shed light on?
- As it is known, Chingiz Mustafaev died in unclear circumstances. Much speaks of his attempts to discover the underlying reasons of what happened in Khojali, which became the key motive for his murder. This is why it is really hard to identify the ownership of that footage. Still, in this specific case it is not the most important. What is much more important is that there is a shooting authored by an Austrian journalist Vera Frankl. The footage done by her is still preserved in the archive of Associated Press agency, AzTV; we also have that footage. The contents of her shootings explain much, in particular, the reason why the Azeri side never publicized that footage. The footage shows that among the dead bodies of those who supposedly died in Khojali there are many people in military uniform. The tape recorded the chopper coming in and picking up one specific dead body, leaving behind bodies of women and children. This shows, in the first place, attitude of Azeri authorities towards the died compatriots, and secondly, proves that someone was striving to exclude possibility of that specific body being caught by camera and aired in the future. Apparently, existence of that specific person among other dead people was extremely unwanted for the Azeri authorities due to certain reasons. Essentially, if it was not for the footage by Vera Frankl, appearance of people in military uniform among the dead bodies would have remained unknown. Meanwhile, this is just another proof that according to a decision made in Baku, the civilian population of Khojali was doomed to become the victims of Azeri internal political bickering.
- But in this case, who and why needed to desecrate the dead bodies?
- Falsifications by Azeris around the bodies of the dead near Aghdam and, as it is accepted to name now, “post-mortal raping of the corpses” is a topic of a separate project, implemented by Initiative against Xenophobia. A regularly updated web-site xocali.net has been created, which has been subject to multiple attacks from Azeri hackers. In a nut shell, we are dealing with numerous manipulations and staged shootings. The bodies were re-located many times, reshuffled and mutilated. And all that was happening on the territory controlled by Azeris. The footage shows the same body first dressed, then – undressed; first intact and then – scalped; first lying in one position then – in a different one. Plus to that a great amount of materials not having any link to Karabakh has been customized for Khojali events – there are photos from Afghanistan, Kosovo. The impression is that in their aspiration to gain favor some activists of the Azeri propaganda were using whatever they got handy. It is by no accident that after the web-site began functioning, certain sound media and experts in Azerbaijan noted some photos and proofs, not having any relation to Khojali.
- You were mentioning that in this disgusting political game various political powers were involved. Anti-Armenian objectives are obvious; it is also easy to understand the desire to get rid of Mutalibov. Who else had a stake in that kind of development?
- Various political forces relate to the Khojali events. Besides the People’s Front, which came to power, I have to mention Heydar Aliev, who at that time lived in Nakhijevan. It is a common knowledge that two days prior the Khojali libration operation the village’s mayor Elman Mamedov visited Nakhijevan and met with him. There is also a testimony of one of the organizers of Baku pogrom of Armenians Neymat Panakhov, who in January 2000 in an interview to Bylik Dunjasy agency argued that before the events in Khojali he applied to Aliev, who at that time was a member of Supreme Council of Azerbaijan and leader of Nakhijevan, with a request “to do something in order to prevent the tragedy.” The response was “blood-shed will be of benefit to us. We should not be interfering into the course of events”. Therefore, the death of civilians of Khojali became the consequence of actions and at the same time – inaction of Mutalibov with his Security Council, military leadership, who allowed an entire chaos in the military units, People’s Front, who were striving for power and who got it right after the events in Aghdam, and Heydar Aliev, who in all that was pursuing his own far-reaching objectives.
- When will the documentary be ready and what is its main objective?
- To give you an idea I want to inform that most likely there will be more than one movie. And we are not doing it for the Azeris – there is nothing we would like to prove to them. We will build a logical chain and display how everything started, what the developments were and who took advantage of them. The key objective is to sort out the piles of propaganda garbage, dumped upon the international agencies by our neighbors. With creation of this documentary the concept of Aghdam tragedy, replicated by Azeri propaganda for years, will be closed once and for all, as not a single sound person having received such quantity of irrefutable proofs will not be able to still believe the Azeri falsifications and concoctions.
Interview by Marina Grigoryan
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13:49 23/10/2014 » Politics
Today Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan signed laws passed by the National Assembly. The President signed the law on amendments and additions to the Law on State Material Reserve, the law on additions to the Law on State and Service Secret, the law on amendments to the Law on Taxes, and the law on additions to the Law on Budget System, the President’ press service reported.
13:36 23/10/2014 » Society
Grozny Avia Russian airline will begin Simferopol-Yerevan regular flights from November 16, Crimea’s Minister of Transport Anatoly Tsurkin has said, according to Interfax. The air tickets are already on sale. Simferopol airport operates international flights only to Turkey. It resumed international flights on July 19 after Crimea joined Russia.
13:17 23/10/2014 » Society
Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan visited Expo Russia-Armenia 2014 Sixth International Industrial Exhibition in Yerevan, which is running from October 22 to 24, the President’s press service reported. The aim of the exhibition is to develop economic, scientific, technological and cultural cooperation between Armenia and Russia, to boost joint business as well as trade, economic and investment ties. Serzh Sargsyan toured the pavilions of the Armenian and Russian companies ...
12:36 23/10/2014 » Society
Mole Day is an unofficial holiday celebrated among chemists, chemistry students and chemistry enthusiasts on October 23, between 6:02 AM and 6:02 PM, making the date 6:02 10/23 in the American style of writing dates. The time and date are derived from Avogadro's number, which is approximately 6.02×1023, defining the number of particles (atoms or molecules) in one mole of substance, one of the seven base SI units. Mole Day originated in an article in The Science Teacher in the early ...