- 17:23 | In the world Europe won't recognize vote in eastern Ukraine, Merkel tells Putin
German Chancellor Angela Merkel told Russian President Vladimir Putin on the phone that Sunday's planned elections in eastern Ukraine were illegitimate and would not be recognized by European leaders, a Berlin government spokesman said on Friday.
- 20:00 | In the world Japan Crown Princess Masako attends first banquet in 11 years
Since the birth of their daughter in 2001, she has made rare public appearances but has largely stayed away from royal duties.
- 19:50 | In the world Brutal winter set to hit war-torn eastern Ukraine
Dark tunnels in the basement of a bombed-out hospital in the eastern city of Donetsk lead to a makeshift shelter.
- 19:43 | In the world Ukraine gas supplies in doubt as Russia seeks EU payment deal
Ukraine's efforts to unblock deliveries of Russian gas as winter sets in were deadlocked on Thursday as Moscow's negotiators were quoted demanding firmer commitments from the European Union to cover Kiev's pre-payments for energy.
- 19:35 | In the world Dentist reveals how to eat your way to whiter gnashers - and the good news is it even includes cheese!
There are three key factors that patients need to keep in mind when it comes to the white teeth diet: chewing, saliva production, and staining.
Details: The Daily Mail
- 19:28 | In the world World Bank pledges $100m to send health workers to Ebola-hit countries
The United Nations says around 5,000 international personnel are needed, including up to 1,000 foreign health workers.
Source: The Guardian
- 19:22 | In the world Burkina Faso parliament set ablaze
Protesters angry at plans to allow Burkina Faso's President Blaise Compaore to extend his 27-year-rule have set fire to parliament.
- 19:14 | In the world Syrian official slams Turkey's role
Syrian President Bashar Assad's political adviser has accused Turkey of committing "aggression" against her country by allowing rebels to cross into the Syrian Kurdish border town of Kobani.
Source: ABC News
- 19:07 | In the world Nato jets track 'unusual' Russian bomber sorties
Four groups of aircraft intercepted in past 24 hours - and similar incidents are running at three times the rate of 2013.
Source: The Telegraph
- 18:56 | In the world Eight dead, hundreds missing in Sri Lankan landslide
The landslide hit the south-central Badulla District Wednesday morning, destroying at least 140 homes, said Pradeep Kodippili with Sri Lanka's Disaster Management Center.
- 17:43 | In the world Families of missing students confront Mexico’s president
Parents of 43 student teachers who went missing more than a month ago in southern Mexico emerged from a marathon meeting with President Enrique Peña Nieto frustrated and angry at what they see as a lack of commitment to find their children.
Source: The Guardian
- 17:30 | In the world Iraqi Kurdish forces enter Syria to fight Islamic State
A first group of Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga fighters entered the besieged Syrian town of Kobani on Thursday to help push back Islamic State militants who have defied U.S. air strikes and threatened to massacre its Kurdish defenders.
- 17:09 | In the world Jerusalem holy site closure 'declaration of war' - Abbas
The move came amid tension after the shooting of a Jewish activist. Israel's PM called for calm, saying Mr Abbas was responsible for escalating tensions.
- 21:00 | In the world Hong Kong protesters suggest talks with Beijing
Student democracy activists who have occupied Hong Kong streets for a month suggested Tuesday that direct negotiations with senior Chinese Communist Party officials could be a way to end their standoff with the local government.
- 20:52 | In the world Italian president gives evidence at landmark mafia trial
Tucked away in the oldest part of Rome’s presidential palace on the top of the Quirinal hill, the Sala del Bronzino has seen no shortage of intrigue in its time. It was a reception hall for the popes.
Source: The Guardian
- 20:45 | Region Islamic State crisis: Turkish PM rejects Kobane criticism
He told the BBC it would only take part in operations if the US-led coalition's strategy included military action against Syrian government forces.
- 20:39 | In the world Egypt to create buffer zone along Gaza border
Egyptian security officials say authorities have ordered residents living along the country's eastern border with the Gaza Strip to evacuate so they can demolish their homes and set up a buffer zone to stop weapons and militant trafficking between Egypt and the Palestinian territory.
Source: ABC News
- 20:32 | In the world Student shoots and kills teacher in Estonia
There were four other students inside the classroom, but no one was injured.
- 20:25 | In the world Eating too much salt puts up your blood pressure, but too little may be just as bad
The World Health Organisation thinks we should eat less than 5g per day, while the American Heart Association goes further still, recommending we consume under 3g.
Source: The Daily Mail
- 20:19 | Region 18 miners trapped in coal mine accident in Turkey
Underground waters flooded a section of a coal mine in southern Turkey on Tuesday, trapping at least 18 workers, officials and reports said - an event likely to raise even more concerns about the nation's poor workplace safety standards.
- 20:14 | In the world 'Evil clowns' stalk France
A 14-year-old dressed as a clown was arrested on Monday near Paris for attempting to attack a woman, as a strange phenomenon of fake, evil clowns terrorising passers-by spreads in France.
Source: The Telegraph
- 20:08 | In the world Russia backs separatist vote in Ukraine
Moscow has announced it will recognise separatist polls in Ukraine next weekend, fuelling tensions with the country’s newly elected pro-western leaders as they negotiate on forming a coalition government.
Source: The Guardian
- 20:00 | In the world Ebola outbreak: World Bank chief appeals for volunteers
The president of the World Bank has made an emotional appeal for thousands of medical workers to volunteer and help contain the growing Ebola outbreak in West Africa.
- 19:51 | In the world U.S., allies stage 13 attacks on Islamic State targets in Syria, Iraq
In Syria, U.S. attack and fighter aircraft went after targets near the border city of Kobani, destroying a small Islamic State unit and four fighting positions.
- 10:53 | Region NKR Foreign Minister discusses Karabakh conflict in Canada
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Karen Mirzoyan is paying a working visit to Canada.
Source: NKR MFA
- 10:52 | Armenia Drivers recommended to use winter tires
All motorways were passable in Armenia as of 8:00 am today.
- 09:16 | In the world Ukraine president: consultations on new parliamentary coalition to start Monday
“Coalition consultations will be kicked off tomorrow not to waste time,” he said.
- 09:11 | In the world South African soccer player Senzo Meyiwa shot and killed
South African soccer captain Senzo Meyiwa was shot and killed Sunday night in the Vosloorus township near Johannesburg.
- 09:07 | In the world Ebola: US nurse 'to take legal action' over confinement
A US nurse held in quarantine in New Jersey after treating Ebola patients in West Africa says she will challenge her confinement in a federal court.
- 09:04 | In the world Islamic State militants fire Iraqi Anbar Province with chlorine shells
Islamic State (IS) militants fired chlorine-filled shells on a residential district in Iraqi's western Anbar Province, commander of the rapid intervention forces in Anbar, Shaaban Obaidi said Sunday.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:56 | In the world Dilma Rousseff re-elected Brazilian president
An official count showed her rival, centrist candidate Aecio Neves, taking just over 48% of the vote.
- 08:55 | In the world Yatsenyuk's People's Front takes lead in Rada elections with 15% of ballots tallied
According to Central Election Commission, Petro Poroshenko's Bloc is now close second with 21.69 percent of the votes.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 15:10 | Region 300 ceasefire violations at Karabakh-Azerbaijan Line of Contact
Over 3,000 shots were fired against Armenian defense guards from guns of different calibers.
Source: NKR Defense Ministry
- 14:29 | In the world Armenian journalist appointed chief advisor to Turkish Prime Minister
Turkish-Armenian journalist and writer Etyen Mahcupyan will serve as a chief advisor to Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu.
- 14:26 | Armenia Russian Ambassador: Almost all opposition forces are in favor of Armenia’s accession to EEU
“Armenia’s membership in the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) is a right strategic decision, which absolutely does not mean that the doors are closed for cooperation with other countries,” Ivan Volynkin said.
- 14:24 | Armenia ‘Parliamentary trio’ to continue rallies in Yerevan
The three non-government parties – Armenian National Congress, Prosperous Armenia, and Heritage – will stage rallies at Yerevan’s Liberty Square on October 31, November 7 and 14, from 4:00 pm to 11:00 pm.
Source: Yerevan Municipality
- 12:07 | Armenia Armenia exported 26,680 tons of vegetables
A total of 10,875 tons of fruits were exported from Armenia to Russia, UAE, Switzerland, Ukraine, and Georgia as of October 20.
Source: Haykakan Zhamanak
- 11:34 | Armenia Vayk Mayor will not reject offer to be Governor of Vayots Dzor
“If the party decides so, I will not refuse,” Harutyun Sargsyan said.
- 10:40 | Armenia Rosneft will not make investment in Nairit plant
Russia’s Rosneft has officially informed representatives of Armenian government that it has no plans to implement any investment project in Nairit plant.
Source: Haykakan Zhamanak
- 09:08 | In the world Cancer-killing cells made in the lab
In experiments on mice, the stem cells were genetically engineered to produce and secrete toxins which kill brain tumours, without killing normal cells or themselves.
- 09:04 | In the world Initiators of Friends of Putin group call anti-Russian sanctions ‘idiotic’
Initiator of Friends of Putin group in the Italian parliament believe that the West’s anti-Russian sanctions are idiotic and doomed to fail, said Matteo Salvini, the secretary of the Northern League party.
- 08:59 | In the world Newest attack submarine to be commissioned by US Navy on Saturday
The newest US attack submarine designed to work in shallow waters, the USS North Dakota, is slated to be commissioned by the US Navy at Groton, Connecticut Saturday.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:53 | In the world Ebola crisis: 'Many exposed' to infected Mali girl
The authorities in Mali have confirmed the death of the country's first Ebola patient, a two-year-old girl.
- 08:49 | In the world Female student dies in Marysville High School shooting
The police are not confirming the type of weapon the shooter used, but have confirmed that he died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
Source: RIA Novosti
- 08:44 | In the world Egypt imposes state of emergency in Sinai after attacks
President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has declared three days of mourning in the wake of the suspected jihadist attacks.
- 21:30 | In the world Texas nurse Nina Pham 'cured of Ebola' and set to meet Obama
The first nurse diagnosed with Ebola after treating an infected man at a Dallas hospital was released from hospital on Friday and will meet with President Obama in the White House.
Source: The Guardian
- 21:23 | Region 3 Istanbul consulates evacuated
Turkish authorities say the consulates of Canada, Belgium and Germany in Istanbul have been evacuated after receiving suspicious packages Friday.
Source: ABC News
- 21:15 | In the world WHO sends extra medics to Mali as it announces new Ebola vaccine trials
The World Health Organization is sending additional medical experts to Mali to help handle its first confirmed Ebola case, a spokesman said Friday, as a senior WHO official announced accelerated vaccine trials.
- 21:07 | In the world British woman, 24, dies during cosmetic surgery in Bangkok
Police said the woman stopped breathing while under anaesthetic at a clinic in Bangkok on Thursday.
Source: The Telegraph
- 21:00 | In the world Doctor with Ebola in NY hospital, nurse declared virus-free
A doctor who worked in West Africa with Ebola patients was in an isolation unit in New York City on Friday after testing positive for the virus, becoming the fourth person diagnosed with the disease in the United States and the first in its largest city.
- 20:52 | In the world Cameron: UK won't pay EU bill next month
David Cameron has angrily insisted the UK will not pay £1.7bn being demanded by the European Union on time.
- 11:43 | Armenia Prices of dairy products may go up
According to manufacturers of dairy products, the increase in electricity tariffs resulted in an increase of prices for raw products.
- 10:39 | Armenia ANC holds heated discussion
The ANC Youth Congress held a heated discussion about some details of the previous opposition rally.
- 09:05 | In the world EU leaders agree CO2 emissions cut
The binding decision came after heated discussions at a summit in Brussels, as some members had argued that their varied interests should be protected.
- 09:01 | In the world EU provides 24.4 mln euros to develop vaccine against Ebola
The European Union appointed a coordinator on Thursday to lead its drive to fight Ebola in West Africa.
10:55 17/02/2014 » Society
Scholars call for reexamination of ECHR judgment on Genocide denial case
Concerned genocide scholars issued an open letter highlighting ”historical and conceptual inaccuracies” in the European Court’s decision on Dogu Perinçek v. Switzerland, and called on the government of Switzerland to request a reexamination of the Court’s judgment, The Armenian Weekly reports.
Below is the full text of the letter, released on Feb. 14.
An Open Letter to:
Madame la Conseillère fédérale
Cheffe du Département fédéral de justice et police (DFJP)
Palais fédéral ouest
After having read the European Court’s decision on Dogu Perinçek v. Switzerland (ECHR. 370, 230, 17 December, 2013) we, as concerned genocide scholars, believe it imperative to respond to historical and conceptual inaccuracies that are articulated in the decision, and we believe those inaccuracies have serious ethical and social significance.
We do not take issue with the notion of freedom of expression, something that scholars agree is most often an essential part of open, democratic society. We are, however, concerned about elements of the Court’s reasoning that are at odds with the facts about the historical record on the Armenian genocide of 1915 and at odds with an ethical understanding of denialism.
The decision asserts that: 1) “genocide as a precisely defined legal concept was not easy to prove”; 2) “the Court doubted that there could be a general consensus as to the events such as those at issue, given that the historical research was by definition open to discussion and a matter of debate, without necessarily giving rise to a final conclusion or to the assertion of objective and absolute truths”; the court uses the phrase “heated debate” in referring to the current political context surrounding the Armenian genocide.
First, it is the overwhelming conclusion of scholars who study genocide (hundreds of independent scholars, who have no affiliations with governments, and whose work spans many countries and nationalities and the course of decades) that the Ottoman mass killings of Armenians conforms to all the aspects of Article 2 of the U.N. CPPC definition of genocide.
In 1997, the International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS), the major body of scholars who study genocide, passed a resolution unanimously recognizing the Ottoman massacres of Armenians as genocide. The International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) prepared an analysis for the Turkish Armenian Reconciliation Commission (TARC) in 2003, stating that “the Events [of 1915] include all of the elements of the crime of genocide as defined in the Convention (UNCPPCG).
In 2000, 100 leading Holocaust scholars signed a petition in The New York Times affirming the events of 1915 were genocide and urging worldwide recognition. An Open Letter from the IAGS to Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan, in June, 2005, enjoined the Turkish government to own up to “the unambiguous historical record on the Armenian genocide.” The only three histories of genocide in the 20th century that genocide-studies theorists (such as William Schabas) agree on are the cases of the Armenians in Turkey, in 1915; the Jews in Europe, in 1940–45; and the Tutsis in Rwanda, in 1994. The destruction of the Armenians was central to Raphael Lemkin’s creation of the concept of genocide as a crime in international law, and it was Lemkin who coined and first used the term Armenian Genocide in 1944.
The idea put forth by the Court that crimes of genocide may only apply to the events in Rwanda and at Srebrenica because they were tried at the ICC is incomplete. Crimes of genocide have been assessed as historical events by scholars for decades now, and both the crimes committed against the Armenians by the Ottoman Turks in 1915 and those committed against the Jews of Europe by the Nazis in the 1940s were deemed genocide by Lemkin. As legal scholars have noted, crimes of genocide can be tried retroactively, and William Schabas has pointed out that in the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, in 1961, the word genocide was used retroactively to designate crimes committed against the Jews.
Further, under Article 10, “the Court clearly distinguished the present case from those concerning the negation of the crimes of the Holocaust. . . . because the acts that they had called into question had been found by an international court to be clearly established.” We would note that the perpetrators of the Holocaust were prosecuted at the Nuremberg Trials (1945–46), not for the crime of genocide, but for “crimes against humanity,” even though Raphael Lemkin had previously created the term “genocide.” The Armenian case, contrary to the Court’s assertion, does have a clear legal basis for its authenticity. First, “crimes against humanity” was the very phrase coined by France, the United Kingdom, and Russia in their 1915 joint declaration in response to the massacres of the Armenians by the Ottoman Turkish government. After WWI, the Ottoman government convened military tribunals (1919–20) to try 200 high-level members of the military and government for premeditated mass murder of the Armenian population. The ICTJ decision of 2006 also affirms such a legal basis.
The Court also decided, on the basis of Article 17 (prohibition of abuse of rights), that “The rejection of the legal characterization as ‘genocide’ of the 1915 events was not such as to incite hatred against the Armenian people.” Yet the ECtHR states (para 19) that “the negation of the Holocaust is today the principal motor of anti-Semitism.” We would note similarly that the denialism of the Armenian genocide in Turkey resulted in the assassination of Armenian Turkish journalist Hrant Dink, and has resulted in violence to others in Turkey.
In referring to the Armenian genocide as “an international lie,” Mr. Perençik reveals a level of extremism that belies all sense of judgment. We believe that the Court makes a misstep when it privileges Turkey’s denialism (a country with one of the worst records on intellectual freedom and human rights over the past decades) as a “heated debate.” As the IAGS has written in an Open Letter on denialism and the Armenian genocide (October, 2006), “scholars who deny the facts of genocide in the face of the overwhelming scholarly evidence are not engaging in historical debate, but have another agenda. In the case of the Armenian Genocide, the agenda is to absolve Turkey of responsibility for the planned extermination of the Armenians—an agenda consistent with every Turkish ruling party since the time of the Genocide in 1915. Scholars who dispute that what happened to the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in 1915 constitutes genocide blatantly ignore the overwhelming historical and scholarly evidence.”
As noted genocide scholar Deborah Lipstadt has written: “Denial of genocide whether that of the Turks against the Armenians, or the Nazis against the Jews is not an act of historical reinterpretation . . . . The deniers aim at convincing innocent third parties that there is another side of the story . . . when there is no other side.” We believe that the Court’s decision and reasoning contributes to denialism and this has a corrosive impact on efforts for truth and reconciliation, and ethics.
We believe it important that the government of Switzerland request a reexamination of the Court’s judgment in this case.
Taner Akçam, Kaloosdian/Mugar Professor, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University
Margaret Lavinia Anderson; Professor of the Graduate School (Current); Professor of History emerita; University of California – Berkley
Joyce Apsel, Master Teacher of Humanities, New York University; Past President, International Association of Genocide Scholars
Yair Auron, head, Department of Sociology, Political Science and Communication, The Open University of Israel
Peter Balakian, Donald M. and Constance H. Rebar Professor of the Humanities, Colgate University
Annette Becker, Professor of History, University of Paris, Ouest Nanterre La Defense; senior member, Institut Universitaire de France
Matthias Bjornlund, archival historian; Danish Institute for Study Abroad (DIS), Copenhagen
Donald Bloxham, Professor of Modern History, University of Edinburgh
Hamit Bozarslan, Director, EHESS, Paris
Cathy Caruth, Frank H. T. Rhodes Professor of Humane Letters, Cornell University
Frank Chalk, Professor of History; Director, Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
Israel Charny, Past President International Association of Genocide Scholars; Director, Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide, Jerusalem
Deborah Dwork, Rose Professor of History; Director of the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University
Helen Fein, Independent Scholar; former executive director of Institute for the Study of Genocide (New York)
Marcelo Flores, Professor of Comparative History; director, The European Master in Human Rights and Genocide Studies, University of Siena
Donna-Lee Frieze, Prins Senior Fellow, Center For Jewish History, New York City; Visiting Fellow, Alfred Deakin Research Institute, Deakin University, Melbourne.
Wolfgang Gust, Independent Scholar, Director armenocide.com.de Hamburg
Herbert Hirsch, Professor of Political Science, Virginia Commonwealth University; co-editor, Genocide Studies International
Marianne Hirsch, William Peterfield Trent Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Professor in the Institute for Research on Women, Gender, and Sexuality; Columbia University
Tessa Hofmann, Prof. h.c. Dr. phil, Frie Universitat Berlin, Institute for East European Studies
Richard Hovanissian, Professor Emeritus, Armenian and Near Eastern History at the University of California, Los Angeles; Distinguished Visiting Scholar at Chapman University and the University of California, Irvine
Raymond Kevorkian, Historian, University of Paris-VIII-Saint Denis
Hans-Lukas Kieser, Professor of Modern History, University of Zurich
Mark Levene, Reader in Comparative History, University of Southampton, UK
Robert Jay Lifton, MD; Distinguished Professor Emeritus, The City University of New York
Deborah Lipstadt, Dorot Professor of Modern Jewish History and Holocaust Studies, Emory University
Wendy Lower, John K. Roth Professor of History, Claremont McKenna College
Robert Melson, Professor Emeritus, Purdue University; Past President, International Association of Genocide Scholars
Donald E. Miller, Professor of Religion; Director, Center for Religion and Civic Culture, University of Southern California
A. Dirk Moses, Professor of Global and Colonial History, European University Institute, Florence and Senior Editor, Journal of Genocide Research.
James R. Russell, Mashtots Professor of Armenian Studies, Harvard University
Roger W. Smith, Professor Emeritus of Government, College of William and Mary; Past President, International Association of Genocide Scholars
Leo Spitzer, K.T. Vernon Professor of History Emeritus, Dartmouth College
Gregory Stanton, Research Professor in Genocide Studies and Prevention, George Mason University; Past President, International Association of Genocide Scholars
Yves Ternon, Historian of modern genocide, independent scholar, France
Henry C. Theriault, Professor of Philosophy, Worcester State University; Co-Editor-in-Chief, Genocide Studies and Prevention
Eric D. Weitz, Dean of Humanities and Arts and Professor of History, The City College of New York/Graduate Center
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17:18 31/10/2014 » Politics
Burkina Faso's President Blaise Compaore is no longer in power, an army spokesman has told demonstrators in the capital, Ouagadougou, the BBC reported. Mr Compaore had earlier said he would step down after a 12-month transitional government had ended. However, the opposition continued to demand that he resign, angry at his attempts to amend the constitution and extend his 27-year rule. On Thursday, protesters set fire to parliament and government buildings.
17:11 31/10/2014 » Society
A team has developed micro-rockets that can neutralise chemical and biological weapons. Powered by seawater, the micrometre-sized rockets are capable of degrading agents like anthrax and sarin, the BBC reports. The rockets can "swim" in contaminated samples to decompose them, before eventually self-degrading. Published in journal ACS Nano, the team says the technology could also decontaminate environmental waste. "It needs no external stimuli, just expose it to ...
17:05 31/10/2014 » Politics
Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan received today member of Russian Federal Assembly’s Federation Council, Co-Chair of the Inter-parliamentary Commission on Cooperation between Armenia’s National Assembly and the Federal Assembly of RF Nikolay Ryzhkov and the delegation led by him, the presidential press service reported. Serzh Sargsyan expressed confidence that the meeting held in Yerevan will further strengthen the Armenian-Russian allied partnership. He highly appreciated ...
16:54 31/10/2014 » Society
On the occasion of its 5th Anniversary Orange will congratulate and thank each and every one of its customers by gifting them with free internet. On the 5th of November all the Orange voice customers can activate their gifts, sending number “5” to the 0505 short number, and receive 100MB mobile internet bundle valid for 5 days. Users of Orange Internet Now 5000 and higher tariff plans will on top of their monthly inclusions be granted with an additional 1GB high-speed ...
16:51 31/10/2014 » Health
You might swear by your vitamin supplements and take your pills religiously, but how do you really know if they’re working? The jury has been out for a while on whether multivitamin supplements actually keep you healthier, or if they just have a placebo effect. But new research has been amassing and finds that overall, the effects of multivitamins are pretty much neutral, ineffective, null and void for people who are already healthy to begin with, Medical Daily reports. ...