Society 14:25 25/02/2010

Zoravar Andranik's 145th jubilee marked

Andranik Toros Ozanian, Zoravar Andranik was born in February 25, 1865 and died in August 31, 1927. He was an Armenian general, political and public activist and freedom fighter, greatly admired as a national hero. Andranik Ozanian was born in the church quarter of Sebinkarahisar, Ottoman Armenia. Today the 145th jubilee of Zoravar Andranik is marked.

Andranik joined the Armenian freedom movement in the Ottoman Empire, and participated in Armenian Revolutionary Federation. Andranik became a fedayeen and joined military commander Aghpyur Serob, and became one of his bravest fedayeens. When Serob died, Andranik became the common leader of Armenian fedayee groups of Vaspurakan and Sassoun.


All of Andranik's lieutenants accepted that their leader possessed undisputed authority and superiority in military matters and that he was "primus inter pares" (the first among equals). Such was the popularity Andranik earned among the men he led that they came to refer to him always by his first name - even formally, when he later held a general's rank in the Imperial Russian Army.


The most famous battles of Andranik and his fedayees in that period were the guerrilla battles of Arakelots (St Apostols) Monastery of Mush (1901) and the Second Sasun Resistance (1904). After the Second Sasun Resistance (1904), Andranik and his feedayis were forced into exile by local Armenian authorities, and pressured from Armenian leaders to allow temporary peace in the highly violitle eastern vilayets. He passed through the Persian boarder, eventually arriving in Europe and published his "Military instructions" book in Geneva in 1906.

AtSofia, Andranik met revolutionist Boris Sarafov, and the two pledged themselves to work jointly for the oppressed peoples of Armenia and  Macedonia. Andranik participated in the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, within the Bulgarian army, alongside Garegin Njdeh as a commander of Armenian auxiliary troops in Macedonian - Adrianopolitan Volunteer Coprs. Bulgarian authorities honored him by the "Cross of Bravery".

During  World War I, he participated in the Caucasus Campaign and was appointed as general of the Armenian volunteer units of the Russian army. He participated in 20 different offensives where he gained fame due to his courage and the tactics he employed to defeat the opposing forces. The Russian authorities made Andranik a Major General in 1918 and decorated him six times for gallantry.

The writer, intellectual and ARF leader Mikayel Varandian wrote about Andranik: "Not less courageous and not less capable than Serob Aghbiur, Andranik had both intelligence and instinct. A born strategist, with a thorough knowledge of the mountains and valleys of the motherland, he was a unique and unparalleled leader and commander. He was audacious and courageous, also cautious and farsighted".

He was the commanding officer of the Armenian volunteer units, which helped the Van Resistance take control of Van on May 6, 1915. He helped re-capture the city from Ottoman forces during the Battle of Van. He was also the commander of the battalion that took the city of Bitlis from the Ottoman forces that was under control of Halil Pasha. Between March 1918 - April 1918, he was the governor of the  Administration for Western Armenia. His military leadership was instrumental in allowing the Armenian population of Van to escape the Ottoman Army and flee to Eastern Armenia, then controlled by Russia. The territory later became the Democratic Republic of Armenia.

Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:


Elijah’s fast to begin on Monday
The Armenian Church will celebrate the Feast of Pentecost on Monday, June 1. The Feast of Pentecost is the commemoration of the descent of the...
Defense ministry spokesperson reacts to Azerbaijani minister’s threats
“Azerbaijani Defense Minister Zakir Hasanov held a consultation today and came up with new threats, admitting, in fact, that the initiator...
Puppet theatre organizes an open-air performance in Yerevan
The Yerevan State Puppet theatre is organizing an amusing concert-performance on June 1 to mark the International Day for Protection of...
79 coronavirus patients receive treatment at Gyumri Infectious hospital
As of May 30, 79 patients are treated at Gyumri Infectious hospital diagnosed with coronavirus. As Shirak Governor’s office reported, 24...
Visa-free regime restored between Armenia, China
The temporary suspension of the visa-free regime between Armenia and China will be lifted on June 1. As the foreign ministry reported, RA...
Former NSS chief elected chairman of Homeland party
The founding session of Homeland (Hayrenik) party took place on Saturday in Yerevan. The agenda of the session included the election of the...
Artsakh president signed a decree on the 2020 summer draft and demobilization
Artsakh Republic President Arayik Harutyunyan signed on Saturday a decree on the 2020 summer draft and demobilization. As the Information...
Russia’s coronavirus cases near 400,000
The number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Russia rose by 8,952 to 396,575 in the past 24 hours, the anti-coronavirus crisis center said on...
The air temperature will not change considerably
No precipitation is predicted in the territory of Armenia on on June 1-4, Hydromet meteorological service reported in its daily weather update....
Special flight to Yerevan evacuated 23 Armenians stranded in India
A Delhi-Yerevan special flight operated on commercial bases through the support of India’s government repatriated on Friday 23 Armenian...
4 films to be produced in Armenia till the end of the year
Three film production companies in Armenia completed 43 films since 2015 with 14 films planned to release till the end of the ongoing year,...
Azerbaijani forces fired 600 shots toward Armenian positions over the past week
The Azerbaijani armed forces violated the ceasefire along the Artsakh-Azerbaijan Line of Contact over 100 times in the past week. In the period...
Global Covid-19 cases nearly 6 million, death toll crosses 365,000
The total number of global coronavirus cases was nearing the 6 million mark, while the deaths have surged to more than 365,000, according to the...
Armenian-American designer making face masks instead of dresses for Hollywood stars
American celebrity fashion designer of Armenian descent Pol’ Atteu has started production of face masks. The Voice of America reports that...
Pentagon puts military police on alert to go to Minneapolis
As unrest spread across dozens of American cities on Friday, the Pentagon took the rare step of ordering the Army to put several active-duty...
Reconstruction works of Akhalkalaki Castle rescheduled for next year
The reconstruction works in the XI century Akhalkalaki Castle have been postponed for a year and will begin in 2021, Jnews reported. Head of...
Coronavirus: Armenia reports 251 new cases on May 30
Armenia has confirmed 251 new coronavirus infections, bringing the total number of cases to 8,927 in the country as of 11 a.m. Saturday, May 30,...
The National Center of Chamber music to live stream concert dedicated to Komitas 150th anniversary
The National Center of Chamber Music will live a stream a concert by Armenian State Chamber Choir dedicated to the 150th birth anniversary of...
Trump terminates US relationship with WHO
US President Donald Trump has announced that he is terminating the country's relationship with the World Health Organization (WHO), BBC...
Facebook and Twitter shares fall as Trump targets social media
US President Donald Trump is going to battle against Twitter and Facebook — a move that could weigh on companies whose shares have so far...
Payments to healthcare workers on the frontline of Covid-19 increased by 2-3 times - PM
Payments to Armenian healthcare workers at the front lines of fighting COVID-19 have been increased by 2-3 times, PM Nikol...
Armenia’s Jermuk among top 5 health resorts in CIS countries
Russia’s TurStat analytical agency has included Armenia’s resort town Jermuk into the list of best health-improving resorts among...
Our positions were reflected in ECHR’s advisory opinion, says Kocharyan’s lawyer
Aram Vardevanyan, a lawyer of former Armenian President Robert Kocharyan, reacted on Friday to the advisory opinion delivered by the European...
Countries failing to stop harmful marketing of breast-milk substitutes, warn WHO and UNICEF
A new report by WHO, UNICEF, and the International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN) reveals that despite efforts to stop the harmful promotion...
Deputy PM reiterates Armenia’s position on Karabakh settlement
Armenia’s Deputy Prime Minister Mher Grigoryan took part on Friday in the online meeting of the Council of the CIS Heads of Governments....
Today is International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers
29 May is the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers. to honour the memory of the UN peacekeepers who have lost their lives in the...
US charges dozens of North Koreans in $2.5B sanctions-busting scheme
The U.S. Justice Department has accused a network of North Korean and Chinese citizens of secretly advancing North Korea’s nuclear weapons...
Yerevan Zoo to be closed to public on June 1 due to coronavirus
The Yerevan Zoo will be closed to the public on June 1, International Children's Day, due to the coronavirus pandemic, the zoo said in a...
20 people from Yerevan mental care center test negative for coronavirus
Some 20 people from Dzorak Care Center for People with Mental Disorders SNCO in Yerevan have tested negative for COVID-19, Minister of Labor and...
France to further ease coronavirus lockdown measures from June 2
French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe said the country would further ease lockdown measures from June 2 as most of the country enters a...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}