Culture 12:46 13/03/2019 Armenia

Today marks great Armenian poet Yeghishe Charents’ 122nd birthday

March 13 marks the 122nd birthday anniversary of prominent Armenian poet, writer and public activist Yeghishe Charents.

Events celebrating the great poet’s birthday are set to start at Yeghishe Charents Monument, to be continued at his house museum, where the poet's life and creative activity will be presented.

Yeghishe Charents (Yeghishe Soghomonyan) was born in Kars (then a part of the Russian Empire) in 1897 to a family engaged in rug trade.

He first attended an Armenian, but later transferred to a Russian technical secondary school in Kars from 1908 to 1912. In 1912, he had his first poem published in the Armenian periodical Patani (Tiflis).

Amid the upheavals of the First World War and the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire, he volunteered to fight in a detachment in 1915 for the Caucasian Front. Sent to Van in 1915, Charents was a witness to the destruction that the Turkish garrison had laid upon the Armenian population, leaving indelible memories that would later be read in his poems. He left the front one year later, attending school at the Shanyavski People's University in Moscow. The horrors of the war and genocide had scarred Charents and he became a fervent supporter of the Bolsheviks, seeing them as the one true hope to saving Armenia.

Charents joined the Red Army and fought during the Russian Civil War as a rank and file soldier in Russia and the Caucasus. In 1919, he returned to Armenia and took part in revolutionary activities there. A year later, he began work at the Ministry of Education as the director of the Art Department. Charents would also once again take up arms, this time against his fellow Armenians, as a rebellion took place against Soviet rule in February 1921. Then, Charents published his satirical novel, Land of Nairi (Yerkir Nairi), which became a great success and twice published in Russian in Moscow during the life of poet.

In 1924-1925 Charents went on a seven-month trip abroad, visiting Turkey, Italy (where he met Avetik Isahakyan), France, and Germany. When Charents returned, he founded a union of writers, November, and worked for the state publishing house from 1928 to 1935.

In 1930 Charents's book, "Epic Dawn", which consisted of poems he wrote in 1927-30, was published in Yerevan. It was dedicated to his first wife Arpenik.

His last collection of poems, "The Book of The Way", was printed in 1933, but its distribution was delayed by the Soviet government until 1934, when it was reissued with some revisions. In this book the authors lays out the panorama of Armenian history and reviews it part-by-part. William Saroyan met him in 1934 in Moscow and thereafter described him as a courtly, brilliant man who was desperately sad.

Excepting few poems in journals, Charents could publish nothing after 1934 (at the same time, in December 1935 Stalin asked an Armenian delegation how Charents is).

In July 1936, when Soviet Armenian leader Aghasi Khanjian was killed, Charents wrote a series of seven sonnets. After Komitas's death he wrote one of his last great works, "Requiem Æternam in Memory of Komitas" (1936).

Actress Arus Voskanyan told about her last visit to Charents: "He looked fragile but noble. He took some morphine and then read some Komitas. When I reached over to kiss his hand he was startled". He became a morphine addict under the pressure of the campaign against him and because he was suffering from colic, caused by a kidney stone. The hypodermic needle Charents used for his habit is on exhibit in his museum in Yerevan.

A victim of Stalinism, he was charged for "counterrevolutionary and nationalist activity" and imprisoned during the 1937 Great Purge. He died in prison hospital. All his books were also banned. Charent's younger friend, Regina Ghazaryan buried and saved many manuscripts of the Armenian poet. Charents was rehabilitated in 1954 after Stalin's death.

Charent's works were translated by Valeri Bryusov, Anna Akhmatova, Boris Pasternak, Arseny Tarkovsky, Louis Aragon, Marzbed Margossian, Diana Der Hovanessian, and others. His home at 17 Mashtots Avenue in Yerevan was turned into a museum in 1975. The Armenian town of Charentsavan was named after him.



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

20:32
MFA provides updates on Armenian citizens injured in Italy bus accident
The Armenian foreign ministry updated on injured Armenian citizens in a bus crash in central Italy. According to the Facebook post of the...
20:08
PM holds phone conversation with CoE Secretary General
Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan today had a telephone conversation with Secretary General of the Council of Europe Thorbjørn Jagland about...
19:46
Garnik Badalyan appointed Ambassador of Armenia to Afghanistan
By the decree of RA President Armen Sarkissian Garnik Badalyan has been appointed Ambassador of the Republic of Armenia to the Islamic Republic...
18:48
PM held consultation on allocation of extra budgetary funds
Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan held a consultation with the heads of public administration bodies to discuss issues related to the allocation of...
17:41
Armenian citizens suffered in traffic accident involving a tourist bus in Italy
Armenian citizens injured in a bus crash in central Italy, Armenian Embassy to Italy reported on Wednesday. “The Embassy is in contact...
17:06
Lilit Arzumanyan elected rector at Yerevan State Institute of Theatre and Cinematography
Yerevan State Institute of Theatre and Cinematography voted for a new rector at the Institute Council. As Panorama.am learnt Institute, Lilit...
15:57
Armenian PM makes new appointment
Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan of Armenia has signed a decision to appoint Gevorg Movsesyan First Deputy Head of the State Protection Service....
15:40
Armenian president to attend Eurasian Media Forum in Kazakhstan
President Armen Sarkissian of Armenia will participate in the upcoming Eurasian Media Forum in Almaty at the invitation of Kazakh President...
15:08
Charles Aznavour memorial plaque inaugurated at first Paris apartment building of Aznavour family
May 22 marks the 95th anniversary of the co-founder of Aznavour Foundation, legendary artist Charles Aznavour. On the eve of the great...
14:50
Emilia Clarke studied Hitler, other dictators for epic ‘Game of Thrones’ finale speech
"Game of Thrones" star Emilia Clarke said she watched recordings of Adolf Hitler and other historic dictators to prepare for her epic...
14:40
Artsakh leader congratulates Major-General Arkady Ter-Tadevosyan on birthday
Artsakh Republic President Bako Sahakyan on Wednesday sent a congratulatory message to Hero of Artsakh, Major-General Arkady Ter-Tadevosyan on...
14:07
‘You were on fire tonight’: Mkhitaryan attends concert of famed violinist Ara Malikian
Armenian national football team and Arsenal midfielder Henrikh Mkhitaryan on Tuesday attended a concert by renowned Lebanese-Armenian violinist...
13:36
Armenian philanthropist donates 43 million drams worth of equipment to two military universities
Philanthropist Mikael Vardanyan has donated exercise equipment worth 43 million drams to Vazgen Sargsyan Military University and Armenak...
12:57
Aznavour songs playing nonstop at Yerevan subway on artist’s 95th birthday
The songs of late French-Armenian singer Charles Aznavour are playing nonstop today at all the stations of the subway in the Armenian capital to...
12:31
Turkey has 2 weeks to cancel Russian arms deal and avoid US penalties
Turkey has a little more than two weeks to decide whether to complete a complex arms deal with the U.S. or risk severe penalties by going...
12:17
Legendary artist Charles Aznavour would turn 95 today
May 22 marks the birthday anniversary of legendary French-Armenian singer and songwriter Charles Aznavour. He would turn 95 today. Armenia...
11:36
Former Fresno resident Ara Dolarian accused of illegally brokering $8.5m Nigerian arms deal
A former Fresno resident of Armenian descent who went from being an artist to an international arms dealer is facing federal charges of...
11:18
Armenian gymnasts to compete at Aleksander Dityatin Cup in Russia
Armenian gymnasts Artur Davtyan and Gagik Khachikyan will take part in Aleksander Dityatin Cup scheduled for 22-26 May in St Petersburg, Russia....
10:56
Arsenal players told to boycott Chelsea Europa League final over Henrikh Mkhitaryan issue
On Wednesday, Arsenal announced they’ve reluctantly decided to leave the former Manchester United man at home for their clash with...
10:37
EPP chief: Armenian authorities must guarantee independence of judiciary
Armenian authorities must guarantee the independence of the justice system, President of the European People’s Party (EPP) Joseph Daul...
20:23
Armenia’s brandy production volumes on the rise
The production volumes of alcoholic beverages have grown in the first trimester of 2019 in Armenia with brandy production volumes recording the...
20:19
Rain with thunderstorm predicted in Yerevan tomorrow
On May 22 in most regions, in the afternoon of 23-26 in separate places rain with thunderstorm is predicted, in separate places hail is...
19:53
Eight villages in Tavush region suffer damage from hail
Hail has caused substantial damage to agricultural areas and crops in Aygehovit and Khashtarak communities, Berd, Chinchin, Tsaghkavan,...
19:14
Turkey orders arrest of 249 foreign ministry personnel over Gulen links
Turkish prosecutors on Monday ordered the arrest of 249 current and former foreign ministry personnel over alleged ties to a US-based cleric...
18:57
The metal container of 30 years will be left behind by end of year
These days, socially insecure families living in different provinces are being informed about being included in the housing program. The...
17:59
National Assembly to hold hearings on transitional justice
The Armenian National Assembly is set to hold parliamentary hearings titled “The Perspectives in the Application of Transitional Justice...
17:13
EU Commission publishes Partnership Implementation Report with Armenia
The European Union has today issued a report on developments in Armenia and EU-Armenia relations between June 2018 and early May 2019. As the EU...
16:10
Armenian FM to attend CSTO meeting in Bishkek
Armenian Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan will travel to Bishkek Kyrgyzstan today to take part in the meeting of the CSTO Council of Foreign...
15:26
Mkhitaryan to miss Europa League final
Arsenal midfielder Henrikh Mkhitaryan will not play in the Europa League final against Chelsea on 29 May. It is understood the Armenian, 30,...
15:09
Armenia’s top taxpayers named
The State Revenue Committee has unveiled the list of Armenia’s biggest 1,000 taxpayers based on the figures of the first quarter of 2019....

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}