Culture 12:46 13/03/2019 Armenia

Today marks great Armenian poet Yeghishe Charents’ 122nd birthday

March 13 marks the 122nd birthday anniversary of prominent Armenian poet, writer and public activist Yeghishe Charents.

Events celebrating the great poet’s birthday are set to start at Yeghishe Charents Monument, to be continued at his house museum, where the poet's life and creative activity will be presented.

Yeghishe Charents (Yeghishe Soghomonyan) was born in Kars (then a part of the Russian Empire) in 1897 to a family engaged in rug trade.

He first attended an Armenian, but later transferred to a Russian technical secondary school in Kars from 1908 to 1912. In 1912, he had his first poem published in the Armenian periodical Patani (Tiflis).

Amid the upheavals of the First World War and the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire, he volunteered to fight in a detachment in 1915 for the Caucasian Front. Sent to Van in 1915, Charents was a witness to the destruction that the Turkish garrison had laid upon the Armenian population, leaving indelible memories that would later be read in his poems. He left the front one year later, attending school at the Shanyavski People's University in Moscow. The horrors of the war and genocide had scarred Charents and he became a fervent supporter of the Bolsheviks, seeing them as the one true hope to saving Armenia.

Charents joined the Red Army and fought during the Russian Civil War as a rank and file soldier in Russia and the Caucasus. In 1919, he returned to Armenia and took part in revolutionary activities there. A year later, he began work at the Ministry of Education as the director of the Art Department. Charents would also once again take up arms, this time against his fellow Armenians, as a rebellion took place against Soviet rule in February 1921. Then, Charents published his satirical novel, Land of Nairi (Yerkir Nairi), which became a great success and twice published in Russian in Moscow during the life of poet.

In 1924-1925 Charents went on a seven-month trip abroad, visiting Turkey, Italy (where he met Avetik Isahakyan), France, and Germany. When Charents returned, he founded a union of writers, November, and worked for the state publishing house from 1928 to 1935.

In 1930 Charents's book, "Epic Dawn", which consisted of poems he wrote in 1927-30, was published in Yerevan. It was dedicated to his first wife Arpenik.

His last collection of poems, "The Book of The Way", was printed in 1933, but its distribution was delayed by the Soviet government until 1934, when it was reissued with some revisions. In this book the authors lays out the panorama of Armenian history and reviews it part-by-part. William Saroyan met him in 1934 in Moscow and thereafter described him as a courtly, brilliant man who was desperately sad.

Excepting few poems in journals, Charents could publish nothing after 1934 (at the same time, in December 1935 Stalin asked an Armenian delegation how Charents is).

In July 1936, when Soviet Armenian leader Aghasi Khanjian was killed, Charents wrote a series of seven sonnets. After Komitas's death he wrote one of his last great works, "Requiem Æternam in Memory of Komitas" (1936).

Actress Arus Voskanyan told about her last visit to Charents: "He looked fragile but noble. He took some morphine and then read some Komitas. When I reached over to kiss his hand he was startled". He became a morphine addict under the pressure of the campaign against him and because he was suffering from colic, caused by a kidney stone. The hypodermic needle Charents used for his habit is on exhibit in his museum in Yerevan.

A victim of Stalinism, he was charged for "counterrevolutionary and nationalist activity" and imprisoned during the 1937 Great Purge. He died in prison hospital. All his books were also banned. Charent's younger friend, Regina Ghazaryan buried and saved many manuscripts of the Armenian poet. Charents was rehabilitated in 1954 after Stalin's death.

Charent's works were translated by Valeri Bryusov, Anna Akhmatova, Boris Pasternak, Arseny Tarkovsky, Louis Aragon, Marzbed Margossian, Diana Der Hovanessian, and others. His home at 17 Mashtots Avenue in Yerevan was turned into a museum in 1975. The Armenian town of Charentsavan was named after him.



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

20:00
Denmark is most expensive EU country for consumer goods
Consumer goods and services in Denmark cost 142 percent of the EU average, according to figures published by the European Union’s...
19:00
UEFA receive19.3m Euro 2020 ticket requests
UEFA has received 19.3m ticket requests during the first sales window for the 2020 European Championship, Sky Sport reported, adding the figure...
18:33
Armenian U19 team meets with disabled fans
The players of Armenian U19 football team met on Tuesday with fans with disabilities. The fans wished the players success in the ongoing 2019...
17:55
MES turns to Police over fires in the area around Tsiternakaberd Complex
Armenia’s ministry of emergency situations reports that the vegetative cover area was set on fire by two unidentified citizens on Sunday...
17:13
Armenian farmers protest water shortages
Farmers of Qaghtsrashen village in Ararat province have been holding a protest action outside the government building since early morning. They...
16:00
Georgian, Azerbaijani law enforcers discuss David Gareji
Georgian and Azerbaijani law enforcement officers held a meeting near the disputable territory of the David Gareji Monastery yesterday to...
15:35
Wildfire in Nakhijevan spreads across the border into Armenia
Residents of Khachik borderline village in Armenia continue containing the blaze near the border with Nakhijevan in the second day of raging...
14:47
Turkey names EU sanctions over gas drilling ‘worthless’
Turkey on Tuesday rejected as “worthless” an initial set of sanctions approved by the European Union against Ankara, and vowed to...
14:27
Yerevan installs first 3D crosswalk to increase safety
The first 3D crosswalk has appeared in Armenian capital Yerevan, press secretary at Yerevan municipality wrote on Facebook, adding the new...
13:49
International chess referee Aram Iskandaryan passed away
International chess referee Aram Iskandarayn passed away aged 62 after a long disease. the Chess federation of Armenia reported. The...
12:40
‘A country that has its own Vatican’ - Armenia and its beauties featured on Belgian TV
Belgian Public RTBF TV company has film a reportage about Armenia aired in the programme «Carte postale de l’Arménie avec...
12:32
Pashinyan meets with a 6-year-old boy who wanted to make sure PM ‘exists in real life’
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan took to Facebook on Monday to share the story of a meeting with a an American-Armenian family . “I...
11:29
EU agrees measures against Turkey for Cyprus drilling
The European Union on Monday agreed measures to punish Turkey for pursuing drilling operations off Cyprus despite repeated warnings, AFP...
10:59
Armenia among top 10 countries producing the most waste in the world
Armenia has been ranked the sixth biggest waste producer per capita, according to a report produced by 24/7 Tempo based on data from the World...
10:38
Fitch downgrades Turkey’s credit rating by one notch
Ratings agency Fitch on Friday downgraded Turkey’s sovereign debt by one notch to ‘BB-‘ with a negative outlook after...
20:18
Marble sculpture of Raffi gifted to National Gallery of Armenia
The marble sculpture of Armenian great novelist Raffi made by sculptor Yerem Vardanyan was gifted to the National gallery of Armenia to feature...
19:52
112 Ukraine cancels public premiere of Oliver Stone's documentary on Ukraine
The 112 Ukraine TV Channel has canceled the public premiere of Oliver Stone's new documentary, Revealing Ukraine, as per the recommendation...
19:00
Risk of fires high across Armenia, MES warns
Armenia’s ministry of emergency situations reports that the risk of causing and spreading a fire in forest and adjacent grass areas has...
18:36
Russian S-400 hardware deployment goes on in Ankara
Delivery of S-400 defense missile system continued on July 15, as eighth Russian plane carrying equipment of the system landed at an airbase on...
18:01
Harutyun Khachatryan highlights years-long support of VivaCell-MTS to Golden Apricot Film Festival
The 16th Golden Arpicot International Film Festival summed up. On July 13, the closing ceremony of the festival took place at Moscow Cinema,...
17:48
Armenia loses to Spain at opening match of UEFA U19 Championship
U19 EURO-2019 kicked-off in Armenia on July 14th. In the opening match which took place in Republican stadium after Vazgen Sargsyan Armenian U19...
17:02
Armenian authorities agree general vetting of all judges is ‘neither necessary nor useful’ – Venice Commission
The authorities of the Republic of Armenia have reached an agreement with the Venice Commission that it is ‘neither necessary nor...
16:29
Armenian Ombudsman visits ex-president in custody
Human Rights Defender (Ombudsman) of Armenia Arman Tatoyan visited Armenia’s second President Robert Kocharyan held in custody several...
15:28
Mkhitaryan meets with Armenia’s Council General as Arsenal holds pre-season training in Los Angeles
The Captain of Armenian National Football team and Arsenal FC midfielder Henrikh Mkhitaryan has met with Consul General of Armenia in Los...
15:03
Head of Civil Aviation Committee suggests removing departure tax for new routes
One of the main problems of the civil aviation sector of Armenia is the high cost of service, Tatevik Revazyan, the Chairwoman of Civil Aviation...
14:18
Venice Commission sees a risk of interreference with the mandates of the Constitutional court judges in Armenia
“Path of Law NGO” released on Monday excerpts from the summery report of the 119th Plenary session of the Venice Commission of the...
14:01
Trump aides pick sanctions to punish Turkey for Russian missiles - Bloomberg
President Donald Trump’s team has settled on a sanctions package to punish Turkey for receiving parts of a Russian missile defense system...
12:55
Armenian Ombudsman discusses Khachaturian sisters’ case with Russia’s High Commissioner for Human Rights
Armenian Ombudsman Arman Tatoyan held a phone conversation with Russian High Commissioner for Human Rights Tatyana Moskalkova over guaranteeing...
12:43
Armenia U20 basketball team loses to Georgia in the second game of European Championship
Armenian U20 basketball team lost to Georgia in the second game of the U20 European Championship Division B in Portugal. The game ended 46:98,...
11:34
U.S. grants visa to Iran's Zarif for U.N. meeting this week: sources
The United States has granted a visa to Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif to attend a U.N. meeting in New York this week, two...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}