Health 17:29 01/11/2021 Armenia

Tobacco use undermines economic growth in Armenia, report shows

“Tobacco-related illnesses cost the Armenian economy AMD 273.1 billion every year, equivalent to 4.2% of GDP each year. They are also responsible for approximately 5,500 deaths in Armenia annually,” says the new report jointly developed by the Armenian Ministry of Health, UNDP, the Secretariat of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and WHO, and funded by the Government of the United Kingdom.

On 1 November 2021, the report was officially launched in Armenia with participation of Shombi Sharp, UN Resident Coordinator in Armenia, Anahit Avanesyan, Armenian Minister of Health, John Gallagher, UK Ambassador to Armenia, Natia Natsvlishvili, UNDP Resident Representative in Armenia, Dr. Adriana Blanco Marquizo, Head of the Secretariat of the WHO FCTC, and Oleg Storozhenko, WHO Special Representative, Country Office in Armenia.

The FCTC Investment Case finds that tobacco use undermines economic growth in Armenia and impedes the country’s efforts to increase efficiency in the health and economic sector.

“Our modelling shows that effective tobacco control in Armenia will not only save thousands of precious lives, but also significantly increase overall economic growth, leading to higher tax revenues that can be invested in better health and education. We therefore congratulate the National Assembly of Armenia for winning the 2021 UN Award for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases following the new 2020 Law on the Reduction and Prevention of the Damage Caused by the Use of Tobacco. And now in the time of pandemic, with tobacco use one of the most devastating underlying factors of COVID-19 mortality, it is more important than ever!” said Shombi Sharp, UN Resident Coordinator in Armenia.

“In Armenia, over a quarter of the population (28 percent) aged 18 to 69 currently use some form of tobacco. Tobacco control is one of the priority areas for the Ministry of Health of Armenia and we highly appreciate the support of the international partners in this field. Armenia Tobacco Control Investment Case analyzed the health and economic costs of tobacco use, as well as the potential benefits of strengthening tobacco control in Armenia. The investment program is a tool for the ministries in there initiatives towards prevention and fighting against adverse effects of tobacco products and tobacco substitutes,” said Minister of Health Anahit Avanesyan.

“The United Kingdom is pleased to support this important project to assist the Government of Armenia in implementing tobacco control measures. The COVID-19 pandemic makes Armenia’s commitment to smoke-free indoor spaces more important than ever. I am confident that the Government of Armenia will make the most of the FCTC 2030 project as part of its active efforts to protect and promote public health and sustainable development for the Armenian people,” said John Gallagher, UK Ambassador to Armenia.

“UNDP is a proud partner in the FCTC 2030 project. As an organization dedicated to sustainable development, we are committed to tobacco control because we recognize its critical role in protecting health and socio-economic well-being. The effects of the tobacco epidemic extend across the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as it exacerbates inequalities, deepens poverty and slows economic growth,” said Natia Natsvlishvili, UNDP Resident Representative in Armenia.

Implementing the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control represents one of the most cost-effective means for improving people’s lives and advancing sustainable development.

“Under the FCTC 2030 project, we are supporting Armenia to implement priority tobacco control activities, including a new national tobacco control strategy, the promotion of effective multisectoral coordination, compliance building for the new tobacco control law, and the introduction of plain packaging for tobacco products. I urge Armenia to consider implementing a policy of higher taxation on all tobacco products,” said Dr. Adriana Blanco Marquizo, Head of the Secretariat of the WHO FCTC.

“FCTC Investment case analysis will generate strong evidence on magnitude of direct and indirect health and economic burden of tobacco in the country, and hopefully will contribute for stronger tobacco control measures that will protect the Armenian population from tobacco-related harm,” said Oleg Storozhenko, WHO Special Representative, Country Office in Armenia.

Tobacco use is associated with more severe COVID-19 disease. Addressing tobacco and COVID-19 together can reduce the health and economic burdens of both.

Investing now in seven proven tobacco control measures that reduce smoking prevalence and exposure to tobacco smoke can significantly reduce the major burden of tobacco in Armenia.

The economic benefits of strengthening tobacco control in Armenia outweigh the costs of implementation (AMD 889.1 billion economic benefits over 15 years, compared to AMD 10.4 billion invested). All seven tobacco control measures modeled have positive returns on investment.

Investing in these seven tobacco control measures over 15 years can avert AMD 246.4 billion in healthcare expenditures, with 13% accruing to the Government, 84% to individual citizens who would have made out-of-pocket payments, and the remaining 3% to private insurance and other sources of healthcare expenditures.

Increasing tobacco taxes in Armenia would reduce the affordability of tobacco products, decrease consumption, reduce the burden of tobacco-related diseases, and increase revenue. Additionally, the total economic benefit resulting from reduced tobacco consumption over the next 15 years is equivalent to 4.1 percent of annual GDP of Armenia.

Findings on the annual burden of Tobacco in Armenia

Annually, more than 5,500 deaths result from tobacco-related illness, accounting for nearly 20% of all deaths in the country. These deaths include about 2,255 deaths from ischemic heart disease, 906 deaths from lung cancer, and more than 500 deaths each from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lower respiratory infections.

More than half (52%) of tobacco-related deaths are premature, meaning they occur among individuals younger than 70. Nearly one-fifth (19%) of tobacco-related deaths are due to exposure to secondhand smoke.

The economic losses from tobacco nearly reached the forecasted economic contraction in Armenia due to COVID-19 (4.5% in 2020) – every year.

Of the total burden (AMD 273.1 billion) due to tobacco, 28% attributes to healthcare expenditures (AMD 75.8 billion), while 72% (AMD 197.3 billion) to lost productivity from people exiting the workforce prematurely due to death or disability and taking smoke breaks at work.

Investing in seven tobacco control measures over 15 years would prevent more than 23,000 deaths and reduce premature mortality (under 70) by one-third of non-communicable diseases.

Fully scaling the seven tobacco control measure would prevent more than 23,200 deaths and avert AMD 889.1 billion in healthcare cost and economic losses by 2034.

For every Armenian dram invested in seven tobacco-control measures, Armenia would receive AMD 38 in averted costs and economic losses by 2024 and AMD 86 by 2034. Increasing cigarette taxes and banning tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are projected to produce the greatest returns by 2034.

• For every Armenian dram invested in improving tobacco warning labels, Armenia will receive AMD 19 by 2024 and AMD 56 by 2034 (WHO FCTC Article 11)

• For every Armenian dram invested in protecting people from tobacco smoke in public places Armenia will receive AMD 8 by 2024 and AMD 99 by 2034 (WHO FCTC Article 8)

• For every Armenian dram invested in raising tobacco taxes, Armenia will receive AMD 377 by 2024 and AMD 888 by 2034 (WHO FCTC Article 6)

• For every Armenian dram invested in tobacco advertising bans, Armenia will receive AMD 70 by 2024 and AMD 383 by 2034 (WHO FCTC Article 13)

• For every Armenian dram invested in a mass media tobacco campaign, Armenia will receive AMD 23 by 2024 and AMD 292 by 2034 (WHO FCTC Article 12)

• For every Armenian dram invested in plain packaging, Armenia will receive AMD 56 by 2024 and AMD 216 by 2034. (WHO FCTC Article 11: Guidelines, and Article 13)

• For every Armenian dram invested in cessation: brief advice to quit Armenia will receive AMD 3.3 by 2024 and AMD 13 by 2034 (WHO FCTC Article 14)

Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:


One Success Story: Trimming the Spirits - Converse Bank
Hermine Harutyunyan founded HERMINA beauty parlor 5-6 year ago together with her sister.  The sisters have rich practice.  They have...
Much has been done to settle situation in Karabakh in past year, says Putin
Much has been done over the past year to settle the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh, but, regrettably, not all the problems have been resolved,...
US$30m OPEC Fund loan to Ameriabank to promote sustainable energy and support small businesses in Armenia
The OPEC Fund for International Development (the OPEC Fund) and Ameriabank, the largest universal bank in Armenia, have signed a US$30 million...
Our assessment is that Azerbaijani forces have intruded into the sovereign territory of Armenia, Pashinyan says
Nikol Pashinyan on Friday highlighted the role of Russian leader Vladimir Putin for halting the military actions last year and  the mission...
Putin-Pashinyan-Aliyev meeting begins in Sochi
The trilateral meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin,  Azerbaijan’s President Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol...
Another Armenian soldier’s remains found in Artsakh search operations on Nov. 26
Artsakh rescuers on Friday, November 26, found the remains of another fallen Armenian soldier as a result of their search operations for the...
Talks between Putin, Aliyev kick off in Sochi
Bilateral talks between Presidents Vladimir Putin of Russia and Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan have kicked off in the Russian Black Sea resort of...
Viva-MTS: The first batch of modern orthoses for wounded soldiers is in Armenia
Viva-MTS and the “Support of Wounded Soldiers and Disabled Military Servicemen” NGO are launching a joint orthotics program for a...
Pashinyan leads Armenia to a disastrous war, continuously speaking of peace - Vazgen Manukyan
"All my previous statements about Armenia's borders are still relevant," Armenia's former Prime Minister Vazgen Manukyan told...
Israel detects its first case of new, highly mutated COVID-19 strain
The first case of a new, highly mutated coronavirus variant that first emerged in South Africa was detected in Israel on Friday, the Health...
Yerevan’s Davtashen district has new head
Yerevan Mayor Hayk Marutyan has appointed Sasha Katvalyan new head of the Davtashen administrative district of the Armenian capital. The...
Former MP: What should Armenia’s parliamentary opposition do now?
Former MP and head of the Bright Armenia Party Edmon Marukyan on Friday outlined the steps the parliamentary opposition of Armenia should take...
Artsakh’s daily Covid cases rise by 52 on Nov. 26
Artsakh confirmed 52 new coronavirus infections in the past 24 hours, the Ministry of Health reported on Friday, November 26. In total, 208...
Police detain six protesters blocking Yerevan streets
Police officers detained six protesters blocking streets in Yerevan on Friday, the press service of the law enforcement agency told
Kyrgyzstan security officials thwart coup plot
An attempt to violently seize power has been foiled in Kyrgyzstan, the State National Security Committee said in a statement on...
Arsen Babayan: Armenian authorities have actually carried out border delimitation and demarcation
The Armenian authorities have actually carried out a delimitation and demarcation of the border with Azerbaijan, Arsen Babayan, a member of the...
Azerbaijan returns two Armenian captives, Defense Ministry confirms
Azerbaijan has returned two captives to Armenia, the Armenian Defense Ministry confirmed on Friday. The repatriated citizens are identified...
Armenia reports 675 new Covid cases on Nov. 26
Armenia has confirmed 675 new cases of coronavirus in 24 hours, bringing the national tally to 337,005 as of 11 a.m. Friday, November 26, the...
Pashinyan pays working visit to Russia
Nikol Pashinyan has left for the Russian Federation on a working visit, the prime minister’s office reported. A trilateral meeting...
Czech President Zeman back in hospital after positive COVID test
Czech President Milos Zeman was taken back to hospital on Thursday after testing positive for the coronavirus, his office said, just hours after...
Armenian ombudsman honored with ANCA-WR Human Rights Champion award
The Armenian National Committee of America-Western Region (ANCA-WR) bestowed the Human Rights Champion award to Armenia’s Human Rights...
Human rights activist: Former history teacher standing trial for allegedly threatening Pashinyan in class
A former history teacher in Armenia is standing trial for allegedly making threats against Nikol Pashinyan in s class, human rights activist...
UNESCO member states adopt first global agreement on AI ethics
Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO presented Thursday the first ever global standard on the ethics of artificial intelligence adopted by...
We are not ready for peace with Turks who continue killing us - Tigran Baloyan
A gathering of "Liberation movement" initiative is underway at the Republic Square in Yerevan. The participants call on authorities to...
No bodies found during search operations in occupied Hadrut region
Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) search and rescue squads found no bodies during their operations in the Azerbaijani-occupied areas of Hadrut and Mets...
Armenian, Russian military held joint drills
Armenian and Russian military units held joint drills on November 24-25, the press service at the Ministry of Defense reported.  The...
Armenia’s consumer market sees 9.1% inflation in 12 months
The economic activity of Armenia grew by 4.3% in January-October 2021 against the same period of 2020, according to the latest data released by...
Catholicos of All Armenians leaves for Moscow
His Holiness Karekin II, Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians, will leave for a patriarchal visit to Moscow on November 25, the...
Lukashenko says EU should pay for return flights of migrants from Minsk
The European Union should pay for the return flights of middle Eastern refugees from the Minsk airport, President of Belarus Alexander...
Azerbaijan attempting to collect personal data of Artsakh citizens - NSS
The National Security Service of the Artsakh Republic reports that Azerbaijani special services are engaged in collection of personal data of...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}