Politics 19:02 07/08/2015

Scientific publication recounts historical data about C15th Armenian village Kusapat in Artsakh

In the 13th edition for the year 1892 of the project “The Collection of Materials to Describe the Terrain and Tribes in the Caucasus,” Kasapet school inspector G. Israelov published an article dedicated to the village Kasapet (Kusapat), Artsakh, founded by the descendants of the Armenian dynasty Hasan-Jalalyans in the Elisabethpol Governorate of the Russian Empire.

The author starts the article with a few interesting versions about the origin of the name of the village. As the first and popular version has it, a devout bricklayer took to the gratis construction of a church in the village for the sake of the salvation of his soul. However, after learning that the inhabitants of the village intended to pay for the work, he ran away leaving the church half built. Hence the name of the church, “Kisapat” (“half wall” in Armenian), that is, half built.

According to another version, the village takes its name “Ku(y)sapat” (“Monastery” – ed.) from the many Armenian women’s monasteries around the village – Egin-Aghbyur, Dadvor, Chiknaver, Hripsime and Gharibkhach. It is claimed that a nunnery called “Kuysapat” used to exist on the place of old Kasapet Church in the ancient times, and that the name of the village “Kusapat” derived from that word. Later, Russians altered it into “Kasapet.”

The locals preserved the following legend about the times the village was founded: When Karabakh was under Persian domination, Atabek (early 15th century – ed.), from the House of Hasan-Jalalovs, won a Persian sovereign’s favor due to his braveness and energy and asked to let him return to his ancestors’ estates in his homeland beyond the river Araks,. “The Persian sovereign permitted Atabek and several families to choose a place he loved in the estates of his ancestors, Hasan-Jalalovs, in the territories between the rivers Terter and Khachen and settle there. At the beginning, Atabek settled down in a gully, now called ‘Hin Shen’ (‘Հին շէն’), that is ‘Old Village,’ with his and other families. Eventually, the inhabitants of Hin Shen resettled to the place where the village ‘Kasapet’ is situated now, a quarter of verst (266 m – ed.) from Hin Shen,” the author writes.

As a result of continuous destructions and devastations caused by Lezgians and Tatars, who attacked Kasapet and other surrounding villages, it was utterly deserted in the late 18th century. After Agha Mohammad Khan invaded it twice, the inhabitants of this Artsakhian village abandoned it to seek a new shelter in Georgia and Russia. “Meanwhile, all the remaining villages of the area called Jraberd (‘Water Fortress’) were deserted, too,” Israelov writes.

However, one of Atabek’s descendants, Hovhannes Yuzbashi, later known by the name Van Atabekov, followed his ancestors’ example. He did not wish to abandon his homeland, that is why he took his family and servants and left Gyanja for his village Kasapet.

“Living in an area between the cities of Shushi and Elisabethpol, a theater of war between the Persians and the Russians, Hovhannes Yuzbashi continuously rendered important services to the constrained Russian squad under well-known heroes in the Caucasus, Colonel Karyagin and Major Kotlyarevsky,” Israelov points. He cites N. Dubrovin’s “The history of war and domination of Russians in Caucasus” to note that the event took place in 1805.

Later, Hovhannes Yuzbashi refounded the village Kasapet on its former ruined place and brought twenty families of Kasapet residents back there from the village Snkapat, where they had resettled during Agha Mohammad Khan’s invasion.
In 1812-14, after receiving Melik’s title, Vani Atabekov “brought newcomers from all the parts to the village Kusapat, so that the number of homes on the village grew to 150 in a short period of time.” A few years later, he resettled the newcomers from the village Kasapet to other old and ruined villages, establishing settlements there: Ulu-Karabek, Kichik-Karabek, Magavuz, Lyulasaz, Gyul-Yatag and Jan-Yatag.

“Meanwhile, new residents inhabited Kasapet. At the moment, according to off-site data, there are 300 homes with 2279 people in the village, including 1210 men and 1069 women. Apart from the main village, they also leave in five settlements, namely Demrlakh, Uratag, Mardagir-dakh, Garataf, Mamurlin-Yatag,” the author notes.

The reason why some Kasapet residents left the main village and went down Kasapet gorge to settle by the main road, is that the main village was far from the plough-land, which made it difficult to take the agricultural products to the village.

The description of the archaeological monuments and places of worship of the Armenian inhabitants of Kasapet is of special interest. The author writes about the spring “Yegin-Aghbyur” (“Deer’s Spring”), “Gharib-Khach” (“Wanderer’s Cross”), the monastery “Inne-Mas” (“Nine Powers”), worshipping place “Tavara-Khach” (“Cattle’s Shrine”), the monastery “Yerek-Manuk” (“Three Boys”), the ruins of the fortress Kaghakategh (“City Place”), and others.

“The Collection of Materials to Describe the Terrain and Tribes in the Caucasus” is a large-scale publication of narrative sources carried out by the management of the Caucasus Educational Okrug in 1881-1908. It includes researches and description of the history, life, and ethnographic characteristics of the peoples inhabiting the Caucasus region of the Russian Empire.

Related:
19th century scientific edition of Russian Empire compiled historical data about ancient Erivan 
Scientific edition of Russian Empire: Nakhijevan was prominent Armenian city founded in C16 BC 
Russian Empire reference book: Baku Governorate has less historical monuments than Erivan 
Scientific edition of Russian Empire: For 40 centuries no nation justified Armenians’ trust 



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

20:23
Air temperature to grow up by 2-3 degrees tomorrow
Precipitation is predicted on March 20 in Syunik province, Hydromet meteorological service at the ministry of emergency situations reported on...
20:13
Armenian athletes head for Japan to take part in the World Figure Skating Championships
Armenian team of figure skaters have left for Japan to take part in the 2019 ISU World Figure Skating Championships to open on Wednesday in...
20:09
The First Lady for every Armenian man is his wife - PM Pashinyan
For every Armenian man his wife is his First Lady, likewise every Armenian woman regards her husband as her First Gentleman,” Prime...
19:43
Armenia’s Vardenyats pass closed for cargo trucks
The Ministry of Transport, Communication and Information Technologies reports that as of 17:00 Tuesday Vardenyats pass is difficult to pass for...
19:05
Azerbaijan sets up a military base near the border with Armenia
Azerbaijan is setting up an operating military base in the Ghazakh-Aghstafa section of the state border with Armenia, Artsakhpress news agency...
17:40
President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev resigns
Nursultan Nazarbayev, the president of Kazakhstan, said on Tuesday he was resigning as the Central Asian nation’s leader after three...
17:16
President Sarkissian hosted Levon Aronian: Your each victory makes us proud
President Armen Sarkissian hosted today Armenia’s leading chess player, three times World Chess Olympiad winner Levon Aronian, press...
16:35
Armenian national team holds training ahead of Euro 2020 qualifiers against Bosnia and Herzegovina
Armenian national football team will face Bosnia and Herzegovina and Finland on 23 and 26 March consequently as part of the Euro 2020 Group J...
16:12
Pashinyan: Statements on involving Artsakh in negotiations not a challenge, but an invitation to dialogue
The agenda proposed by Armenia to involve Artsakh in the negotiations is not something new both for the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs and...
15:30
Armenian shooters win bronze at European C'ship
Armenian shooters have captured a bronze medal at the 2019 European Championship being held in Osijek, Croatia from 16 to 25 March. Armenian...
14:41
Europe is home to some of the most expensive cities in the world in 2019 — where are they?
Paris has been given the title of the world’s most expensive city along with Singapore and Hong Kong, according to The Economist...
14:30
Italy’s Lazio recognizes Armenian Genocide
The Regional Council of Lazio, Italy has recognized the Armenian Genocide, one month before the commemoration of the victims of the tragedy on...
13:57
PM: Armenia’s mortgage loan portfolio grows by 30%
Armenia saw an 100% increase in mortgage loan volume in February 2019 against February 2018, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan told a news...
13:02
Armenian Genocide Museum to open in Buenos Aires
The Buenos Aires City Council has given the green light to the construction of an Armenian Genocide Museum in the city, Asbarez reported, citing...
12:51
France to ban 'yellow vest' protests if violent groups take part: PM
France’s prime minister said Paris’s police chief had been sacked and that the government would shut down “yellow vest”...
12:37
Azerbaijani ambassador to UAE steals 10 jars of caviar intended for Abu Dhabi ruler
Azerbaijan’s Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates Dashgin Shikarov has reportedly appropriated 10 jars of caviar intended as a gift from...
12:11
Lars road closed for all types of vehicles
Stepantsminda-Lars highway is shut down for all types of vehicles as of 10am Tuesday, the Roads Department of Georgia’s Ministry of...
10:56
Venezuela opposition takes control of diplomatic properties in U.S.
Representatives of Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido have taken control of three of the country’s diplomatic properties in the...
10:48
Tuesday morning update on road conditions
Armenia’s Ministry of Transport, Communication and Information Technologies reports snowfalls on the roads of Chambarak, Goris and Meghri...
10:33
Dead whale washed up in Philippines had 40kg of plastic bags in its stomach
A young whale that washed up in the Philippines died from “gastric shock” after ingesting 40kg of plastic bags, The Guardian...
10:30
Armenia’s ombudsman visits Azerbaijani trespasser
Human Rights Defender (HRD, Ombudsman) of Armenia Arman Tatoyan on Tuesday visited Elvin Arif Oglu Ibrahimov at the hospital, who was arrested...
20:30
Yerevan to have a restaurant offering the guests to dine in the sky
A new restaurant offering a fly dining experience will open in Armenia’s capital Yerevan in April. As the founder of “Invest in...
19:55
112 cases of crime detected in Armenia from March 15 to 18 – Police
According to the operations reports of Police of the Republic of Armenia, 112 cases of crime were detected by officers of various police...
19:17
3 dead, 9 wounded in Utrecht tram shooting
Three people have been killed and nine others injured in a terrorist attack that took place in the Dutch city of Utrecht, according to latest...
19:02
Armenian, Russian FMs talk over phone, discuss bilateral issues
Armenian Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan and his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov held a telephonic conversation on March 18, the Russian...
18:51
Speaker Mirzoyan points to the need of deepening relations between Armenia, EU
“We should strengthen the democratic model of development and develop its efficiency. In this aspect we consider important the deepening...
18:02
Yerevan-Odessa flights to be operated by SkyUp airline
Zvartnots International Airport and Ukrainian SkyUp air carrier have reached an agreement on the launch of new roundtrip flight from Odessa to...
17:24
Memorial to victims of Armenian and Assyrian Genocides to be erected in Sweden
A monument in memory of the victims of Armenian and Assyrian Genocides by the Ottoman Empire will be erected in Vasteras city in central Sweden,...
16:00
One dead, several injured as man opens fire on Dutch tram
A gunman has opened fire inside a tram in the Dutch city of Utrecht, killing one person and injuring several others, BBC says, citing...
15:52
Soft drink producers protest planned tax hike outside government HQ in Armenia
A group of entrepreneurs engaged in carbonated drink production are staging a protest outside the Armenian government headquarters against the...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}