Society 14:14 17/02/2018 Armenia

Today marks birth anniversary of legendary Soviet master spy Gevork Vartanian

February 17 marks the birth anniversary of Gevork Vartanian, a renowned Soviet intelligence agent, who helped thwart a Nazi plot to kill Allied leaders during World War II.

Gevork Varta nian was born on 17 February 1924 in the south Russian city of Rostov-on-Don, into Armenian parents. In 1930, his family moved to Tehran.

Vartanian was the son of an Iranian-Armenian Soviet intelligence agent who operated in Tehran for over two decades under the guise of a successful merchant. The young Vartanian’s spy career started early, when in 1940, at the age of 16, he received his first assignment and the codename Amir, The Armenia Weekly reported.

His wife, Gohar, was also a spy recruited by Vartanian. She worked alongside him for three decades. His work in intelligence continued until the early 90s. The Russian Foreign Intelligence Service revealed Vartanian’s identity only in 2000.

In the fall of 1943, at the age of 19, Vartanian prevented the Nazis from carrying out Operation Long Jump in Tehran. Approved by Hitler, and headed by Ernst Kaltenbrunner, the plot aimed to assassinate Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill.

Soviet intelligence agent Nikolai Kuznetsov first uncovered the plan when he posed as an army officer from Nazi-occupied Ukraine, and extracted information from German SS Hans Ulrich von Ortel, known for his drinking.

Vartanian and his group of like-minded youth – all around his age – were known as the “light cavalry.” They were known to travel quick, and light, often on their bicycles.  Aside from Vartanian, the group was comprised of five Armenians, an Assyrian, and a Lezghin. Their task was to conduct surveillance work on Germans and possible Iranian agents. They were responsible for the arrests of around 400 Nazi agents.

On the eve of the Tehran Conference, Vartanian’s team located a group of six German radio operators who had parachuted in near the city of Qum, 40 miles south of Tehran. The “Light Cavalry” followed the Germans to Tehran, where they were in contact with the local German spy network, and maintained contact with Berlin. Vartanian and his team continued to monitor their communications, and it was revealed that the Germans were planning on sending in another group of operatives to carry out the assassination plot. The members of the first group of German operatives were arrested. According to Vartanian, they then allowed one of the German radio operators to contact Berlin with news of the foiled plan. The Germans decided against sending the second group in, and called off the operation.

In 1955, Vartanian graduated from the Institute of Foreign Languages in Yerevan. He was reportedly fluent in eight languages.

In 2003, Yuri Lvovich Kuznets published a book titled Tehran-43 or Operation Long Jump. The book drew from declassified documents and highlighted Vartanian’s part in the events. In 1981, the Soviet-French film “Tehran 43” was released, and featured French actor Alain Delon. However, much of Vartanian’s career remains a mystery, as most of his work remains classified.

Vartanian received the Gold Star medal of the “Hero of the Soviet Union” in 1984 for his intelligence work during World War II and the Cold War. He received three decorations after his 1943 success: the orders of the Great Patriotic War, the Battle Red Banner, and the Red Star. He was awarded the Order for Services to the Fatherland when he turned 80.

Gevork Vartanian died aged 87 on 10 January 2012. 



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

19:28
Armenia ‘awakening’: How to make sure that no country wants to attack us?
“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever...
17:45
Russia produces first batch of COVID-19 vaccine
Russia has produced the first batch of its new vaccine for COVID-19, the Interfax news agency quoted the health ministry as saying on Saturday,...
17:08
Giant panda cub born in Dutch zoo named Fan Xing
The giant panda cub born in the Dutch Ouwehands Zoo has been named Fan Xing, the zoo in Rhenen, central Netherlands, announced on Friday,...
15:12
Russia starts production of COVID-19 vaccine
Russian has launched the production of the vaccine from COVID-19 developed by the Gamaleya Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and...
14:46
Artsakh reports more ceasefire violations by Azerbaijan over past week
The Azerbaijani military breached the ceasefire along the Artsakh-Azerbaijan Line of Contact around 300 times over the past week. In the...
14:31
Levon Kocharyan: We need to talk about groundbreaking work done by Artsakh State Defense Committee
Levon Kocharyan, the son of Armenia’s second President Robert Kocharyan, on Saturday touched upon the activity of the Artsakh State...
13:45
Mineral water production grows in Armenia
Armenia saw an increase in mineral water production in the first half-year, according to the latest figures released by the Statistical...
13:30
Michael Jordan's rare trainers fetch $615,000 at auction
A pair of trainers worn by basketball legend Michael Jordan fetched $615,000 (£460,000) at an online auction on Thursday, BBC News...
13:18
Pashinyan: Armenia highly values traditionally warm relations with India
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan on Saturday sent a congratulatory message to Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on the...
13:12
Opposition MP reflects on Pashinyan’s interview on BBC’s HARDtalk
Lawmaker Edmon Marukyan from the opposition Bright Armenia Party has reflected on Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan’s “awkward”...
12:17
Artsakh reports one fresh COVID-19 case
Artsakh has reported one new coronavirus infection in a 24-hour period, bringing the national tally to 252 as of Saturday, August 15. The...
11:48
Iran's Rouhani says UAE made 'huge mistake' in Israel deal
The United Arab Emirates has made a “huge mistake” in reaching a deal toward normalizing ties with Israel, Iran’s President...
11:43
Armenia reports 196 new COVID-19 cases, tally reaches 41,495 on August 15
Armenia has confirmed 196 new coronavirus infections in a 24-hour period, bringing the national tally to 41,495 as of 11 a.m. Saturday, August...
11:32
Spain bans public drinking, closes clubs due to coronavirus surge
Spain on Friday ordered nightlife establishments to close and banned drinking on the street in an effort to stem a coronavirus resurgence -...
11:22
Smerch rocket found near Armenian village
The Regional Crisis Management Center of Armenia’s Ministry of Emergency Situations received a report on Friday that ammunition had been...
11:00
Paris is 'red' high-risk COVID zone again
The French government has declared Paris and the Bouches-du-Rhone area around Marseille on the Mediterranean coast as “red” zones...
09:48
Court grants Ucom’s motion to apply interim measure
A Yerevan court has granted a motion filed by Ucom CJSC to apply an interim measure, the company said in a statement on Friday. The full text of...
19:15
Pashinyan highlights need to simplify process of issuing construction permits
Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan on Friday held another hearing on public agencies’ performance reports, at which Acting Chairman of the...
19:09
Armenia lifts face mask rule in some places as coronavirus restrictions ease
The Armenian government has lifted the mandatory face mask rule in some places as the coronavirus restrictions are easing in the country....
18:44
HARDtalk’s Stephen Sackur to Pashinyan: People's' hopes seem to have been dashed
“It’s more than two years now since you swept into power with very high hopes for the so called ‘velvet revolution’....
17:44
Armenia’s minister of economy fined for entering press conference hall without face mask
Armenia’s Minister of Economy Tigran Khachatryan has been fined after entering the press conference hall near his office without wearing a...
17:08
Iran denies seizure of Venezuela-bound gasoline tanker by U.S.
Iran's ambassador to Caracas denied that the Iranian gasoline tankers to Venezuela has recently been captured by the United...
15:04
US senators urge Pompeo to sanction Turkey
Two United States Senators, Robert Menendez (NJ) and Chris Van Hollen (MD), wrote a letter dated August 13 to Secretary Pompeo in anticipation...
14:50
Minister reveals details of Armenian government’s coronavirus aid package for tourism
Two more aid packages aimed at supporting the tourism sector, grape suppliers, wine and brandy companies hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic...
13:57
Lukashenko denies rumors he is abroad
 Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko said on Friday that he is "alive and is not abroad." He was speaking at a meeting on...
13:37
Stepan Stepanyan to replace Mane Tandilyan in Armenian parliament
Stepan Stepanyan from the opposition Bright Armenia Party will replace Mane Tandilyan in the Armenian parliament after the latter announced her...
13:09
Georgian police arrest 4 citizens for illegal border crossing
Georgia’s border police have arrested four Armenian citizens for illegally crossing the country’s state border, 1tv.ge reported....
12:47
Michael Cohen book claims Trump colluded with Russia to win 2016 election
In an upcoming book, Michael Cohen, President Donald Trump’s former attorney, alleges that Trump worked with Russia to win the 2016...
12:34
Marukyan: I believe we will implement many more programs with Mane Tandilyan in future
The leader of the opposition Bright Armenia Party and its parliamentary faction, Edmon Marukyan, on Friday wished sound health to his colleague...
12:03
Artsakh reports no new coronavirus cases for fourth day in a row
Artsakh has reported no new coronavirus infections on Friday for the fourth day in a row. The national virus tally stands at 251. One...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}