Politics 13:38 15/01/2020 NKR

Artsakh ombudsman issues statement on 30th anniversary of Baku pogroms

Artsakh's Human Rights Defender (Ombudsman) Artak Beglaryan issued a statement on the 30th anniversary of the Baku massacres of Armenians organized by Azerbaijan in January 1990.

Below is the full text of the statement publicized by his office.

"In January 1990, the Azerbaijani city of Baku again became a tramp for continuously executing massacres against Armenians (third time after 1905 and 1918 massive massacres of Armenians), where, unlike in other Azerbaijani settlements, a considerable number of Armenians were still living. After a crowded rally in Baku on January 13th, according to a predefined plan, a crowd of about 50,000, divided into groups, invaded the homes of Armenians in order to "clean" the city from them.

During the period from 13th to 20th January, the Armenians of Baku were subjected to violence, massacres, looting and forcible expulsion for their nationality, massively violating their rights to life, not being tortured and discriminated against, liberty and security, property, fair trial, among others. The exact number of the killed people is not known yet, but according to our latest research, it is over 450 people.

On the occasion of the massacres of Armenians in Baku and attacks on Getashen and other Armenian villages of Shahumyan region, on January 18th, the European Parliament adopted a resolution titled “On the Situation in Armenia”, which called upon the authorities of the USSR to “guarantee real protection for the Armenian people living in Azerbaijan by sending forces to intervene.”

Only on the night of January 20th, the Soviet Army subdivisions were brought to the capital of the Azerbaijani SSR. Overcoming the fierce resistance of the Azerbaijani National Front troops, The Soviet army stopped the 7-days massacre of Armenians.

On September 27th, 1990, an open letter addressed to the international community was published in the New York Review of Books. The letter was signed by 133 prominent scholars and human rights advocates from Europe, Canada and the USA, who voiced their complaint against the killings and pogroms of Armenians in Baku. It stated particularly that “The crimes committed against Armenian minority have become a consistent practice in Soviet Azerbaijan, if not an official policy.”

That crime against humanity, organized by Azerbaijan in Baku, has accelerated and almost finished the full ethnic cleansing of the Armenian population in Azerbaijan. Within the framework of that ethnic cleansing, during 1988-1990, thousands of Armenians were killed and more than 400,000 Armenians were deported from Azerbaijani Sumgait, Kirovabad and other cities, as well as from the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, with knowledge and permission of the USSR authorities.

In subsequent years (including during the 1991-1994 Azerbaijan-Karabakh war), Azerbaijan continued the policy of ethnic cleansing of Armenians, according to our analysis, which is in full compliance with the legal formulation of the genocide perpetrated under the UN 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Moreover, our research shows that apart from the depatriation of hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijani Armenians, their rights to property and free movement, among others, have also been violated on a continuous basis. Many of these Armenians still bear the physical, psychological and material consequences of that policy.

Those committed crimes have not received relevant legal assessment and have remained unpunished, which led to the implementation of the official anti-Armenian hatred policy pursued by the Republic of Azerbaijan. The victims of that policy are not only Azerbaijani Armenians and the population of the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh), but also all Armenians worldwide, as well as foreigners visiting Artsakh. As a reminder, the Artsakh Republic Human Rights Ombudsman published a special report in 2018 on the Azerbaijani anti-Armenian hatred policy, presenting concrete examples of its manifestation and relevant international law analysis.

An active stage of manifestation of Armenophobia in the Azerbaijani society wasalso recorded in April 2016 - during the large-scale attack on Artsakh by Azerbaijan. The Human Rights Ombudsman, within the framework of his fact-finding mission, presented a report in 2016 on killings, beheadings, tortures and other cases of war crimes and human rights violations against civilians and military servicemen of Artsakh. It is noteworthy that the Azerbaijani servicemen, who have committed such crimes, were later rewarded and encouraged by the Azerbaijani authorities.

The Ombudsman urges the international community to give a proper legal assessment to the 1990 January massacre in Baku, in accordance with the fundamental principles and norms of international law, as well as to take action to end the ongoing anti-Armenian hatred policy. This path of racial hatred not only contradicts the well-known principles of international law, but also takes the two peoples away from conflict resolution and lasting peace."



Source Panorama.am
Share |

Related news

Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

20:32
Armenian skier left out of Cross Country finals at Winter Youth Olympic Games
The 3rd Winter Youth Olympic Games are underway held in Swiss Lausanne. On January 19, the representative of Armenia 16-year-old Spartak...
19:57
Armenian delegation participating at Education World Forum in London
The Armenian delegation headed by Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Sport Arayik Harutyunyan had a meeting with the UK former...
19:31
EU to cut pre-accession aid to Turkey by 75 percent
EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell has written a letter to the European Parliament in which he states that the EU will cut pre-accession aid...
18:25
Bernard Arnault unseats Jeff Bezos as world's richest person - Forbes
Bernard Arnault unseats Jeff Bezos as world's richest person - Forbes Jeff Bezos, the founder and president of Amazon is no longer the...
18:08
Winners of the Armenian Ski Championships named
The first phase of the Armenian Ski Championships concluded in Ashotsk, attended by some 30 athletes. As the Ski Federation reported, Katya...
16:18
Massive dust storms in Australia hit central New South Wales
Damaging winds produced by thunderstorms across central New South Wales have whipped up dust storms that turned daytime into night in some...
16:05
Armenian wrestler Arsen Julfalakyan wins gold at Denmark tournament
Armenian wrestler Arsen Julfalakyan (77 kg) has won a gold medal at the Thor Masters international tournament held in Nykøbing Falster,...
15:44
Prince Harry ‘sad’ to leave royal duties
Britain's Prince Harry said on Sunday it brought him "great sadness" to depart his royal duties after agreeing with Queen...
15:36
Expert: No guarantees that Azerbaijan won’t attempt to repeat Baku pogroms
Factually, Azerbaijan remained unpunished for perpetrating the pogroms of Armenians in Baku, expert in Azerbaijani studies Anzhela Elibegova...
14:45
World's billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people, report says
The world's billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people and the world's richest 1% own more than double the wealth of 6.9...
14:37
Armenia’s Tsaghkadzor among top 10 CIS ski resorts
The TourStat agency has released its list of the most popular CIS ski resorts for leisure and travel this year for Russian tourists on the...
14:18
Malaysia sends back trash, says won’t be world’s waste bin
Malaysia has sent back 150 containers of plastic waste to 13 mainly rich countries since the third quarter last year, with the environment...
13:48
Gas price change could not be envisaged in budge, says Armenia's finance minister
The draft budget was ready as early as August of last year, and therefore in a state of uncertainty to that extent, a change in the natural gas...
13:35
China confirms spread of new virus as cases surge
An outbreak of a new coronavirus in China has spread to more cities, Chinese authorities said on Monday, as the number of patients tripled and a...
13:23
Supporters demand release of Armenian TV station owner outside Yerevan court
A group of supporters of Armen Tavadyan, the owner of Armenian TV station Fifth Channel, are protesting in front of the Yerevan Court of...
12:57
Artsakh president: Professional judicial system crucial for establishment of democratic state
Artsakh Republic President Bako Sahakyan attended on Monday, January 20, a solemn event marking the Day of the Judicial System Worker. The...
12:51
Ex-Armenian security chief: ‘It’s time to sober up and stop’
Former Director of Armenia’s National Security Service, Major-General Artur Vanetsyan took to Twitter on Sunday to call for an end to...
12:31
Armenian wrestler beats Azerbaijani rival to win France tournament
Armenian Greco-Roman wrestler Artur Aleksanyan (97 kg) defeated his Azerbaijani opponent in the final of Grand Prix de France Henri Deglane in...
12:07
Iran aims to examine downed plane's black boxes, no plan yet to send them abroad
Iran said on Sunday it was trying to analyze the black boxes of a Ukrainian airliner that its military shot down this month, denying a report...
12:00
‘Shame on you’: German basses, Armenian actor slam Azeri tenor’s move to force Armenian soprano out of Dresden concert
Prominent Armenian actor Vartan Petrossian has strongly condemned the Dresden opera incident involving an Armenian singer as a...
10:56
Meghan's father says his daughter and Harry are 'cheapening the royals'
The Duchess of Sussex's father has accused her of cheapening the royals as she and her husband prepare to step back from their...
10:48
Armenian parliament kicks off first session of 2020
The Armenian National Assembly started its first regular session of 2020 on Monday, January 20. The agenda of the session includes 43 items,...
10:30
Monday morning update on road conditions
Some roads are closed or difficult to pass in the territory of Armenia as of 8am Monday, January 20, the Ministry of Emergency Situations...
10:20
World powers agree to strengthen arms embargo in Libya’s war
At a Berlin summit, World leaders committed on Sunday to ending all foreign meddling in Libya’s war and to uphold a weapons embargo, as a...
10:00
Trump legal team calls impeachment 'brazen' attempt to overturn election
Donald Trump’s legal team has delivered a fiery response to impeachment summons from the Senate, calling the two articles passed by the...
20:00
St. Sargis Day to be celebrated on February 8
The Armenian Apostolic Church will celebrate the holiday of St. Sargis, the patron of the young and those in love on February 8, Araratian...
19:26
The Armenian Ski Championships underway in Ashotsk
The Armenian Ski Championships continue in Ashotsk, north of Armenia. The event has brought together 531 skiers from Gyumri, Ashotsk, Vanadzor...
19:11
Woman was tied to a car and dragged through the roads - MP recalls stories from anti-Armenian pogroms
We should not believe that the time will change the perpetrators of genocides, Armenian lawmaker Sasun Mikayelyan stated on Saturday at the...
19:00
Majority of Japanese population tolerate capital punishment system
Japanese Cabinet Office survey showed Friday that 80.8 per cent of the Japanese public tolerates the capital punishment system, The Jiji Press...
18:48
Air temperature will go up by 6-8 degrees in the coming days
Snow is predicted in most regions of Armenia at night of January 19-20, no precipitation is predicted in the daytime of January 20-22, Hydromet...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}