Society 11:56 03/12/2021 Armenia

UNICEF: Nearly 240 million children living with disabilities around the world

The number of children with disabilities globally is estimated at almost 240 million, according to a new UNICEF report. Children with disabilities are disadvantaged compared to children without disabilities on most measures of child well-being, UNICEF Armenia says, citing the report.

“This new research confirms what we already knew: Children with disabilities face multiple and often compounding challenges in realizing their rights,” said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. “From access to education, to being read to at home; children with disabilities are less likely to be included or heard on almost every measure. All too often, children with disabilities are simply being left behind.”

The report includes internationally comparable data from 42 countries and covers more than 60 indicators of child well-being – from nutrition and health, to access to water and sanitation, protection from violence and exploitation, and education. These indicators are disaggregated by functional difficulty type and severity, child’s sex, economic status, and country. The report makes clear the barriers children with disabilities face to participating fully in their societies and how this often translates to negative health and social outcomes.

Compared with children without disabilities, children with disabilities are:

• 24 per cent less likely to receive early stimulation and responsive care;
• 42 per cent less likely to have foundational reading and numeracy skills;
• 25 per cent more likely to be wasted and 34 per cent more likely to be stunted;
• 53 per cent more likely to have symptoms of acute respiratory infection;
• 49 per cent more likely to have never attended school;
• 47 per cent more likely to be out of primary school, 33 per cent more likely to be out of lower-secondary school and 27 per cent more likely to be out of upper secondary school;
• 51 per cent more likely to feel unhappy;
• 41 per cent more likely to feel discriminated against;
• 32 per cent more likely to experience severe corporal punishment.

However, the disability experience varies greatly. The analysis demonstrates that there is a spectrum of risks and outcomes depending on the type of disability, where the child lives, and what services they can access. This highlights the importance of designing targeted solutions to address inequities.

Access to education is one of several subjects examined in the report. Despite widespread agreement on the importance of education, children with disabilities are still falling behind. The report finds children with difficulty communicating and caring for themselves are the most likely to be out of school, regardless of education level. Out-of-school rates are higher among children with multiple disabilities and disparities become even more significant when the severity of the disability is taken into account.

“Inclusive education cannot be considered a luxury. For far too long, children with disabilities have been excluded from society in a way that no child ever should be. My lived experience as a woman with disabilities supports that statement,” says Maria Alexandrova, 20, a UNICEF youth advocate for inclusive education from Bulgaria. “No child, especially the most vulnerable, should have to fight for their basic human rights alone. We need governments, stakeholders and NGOs to ensure children with disabilities have equal, inclusive access to education.”

UNICEF works with partners at global and local levels to help realize the rights of children with disabilities. All children, including those with disabilities, must have a say in the issues that affect their lives, and be provided with the opportunity to realise their potential and claim their rights. UNICEF is calling on governments to:

Provide children with disabilities with equal opportunities. Governments must work together with persons with disabilities to eliminate the physical, communication and attitudinal barriers that keep them out of society, and ensure birth registration; inclusive health, nutrition, and water services; equitable education; and access to assistive technologies. They must also work to eradicate  stigma and discrimination across communities.

Consult persons with disabilities and consider the full range of disabilities, as well as the specific needs of children and their families, when providing inclusive services and equitable quality education. This includes responsive caregiving and family friendly policies, mental health and psychosocial support, and protection from abuse and neglect.

The analysis seeks to increase the inclusion of the 1 in 10 children and young people with disabilities worldwide by ensuring they are counted, consulted and considered in decision-making.

The new global estimate for the number of children with disabilities is higher than previous estimates, and is based on a more meaningful and inclusive understanding of disabilities, which considers difficulties across several domains of functioning, as well as symptoms of anxiety and depression.

“Exclusion is often the consequence of invisibility,” said Fore. “We have not had reliable data on the number of children with disabilities for the longest time. When we fail to count, consider and consult with these children, we are failing to help them reach their vast potential.”

Situation in Armenia

• As 2020, there are 8,771 children with disabilities (CwD) officially registered in the Republic of Armenia of whom 2757 are girls. Source: Social Snapshot and Poverty in Armenia Report, 2020

• According to State Policy all schools are inclusive in Armenia.  In 2021 an action plan for transition to fully inclusive preschool education system was adopted. (Source: https://escs.am/am/news/8453)

• As of 2020, there are 86,927 families receiving family and social benefits. Out of this number,  2933 are families with a child with disabilities, 3618 with a child deprived of one parent, 2726 of a single mother’s child,  32 of a child deprived of parental care, 7218 of divorced parents’ child. (Source: Social Snapshot and Poverty in Armenia Report, 2020)

• As of 2016, only 1/3 of registered children with disabilities are enrolled in preschool, while 2/3 of them do not receive rehabilitation services.

• Children with disabilities are most often deprived of their right to education due to very many factors ranging from physical inaccessibility and discriminatory attitude to lack of specialists and specialized teaching materials.

• COVID-19 has exacerbated some of these challenges and created new ones.



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

17:00
China cuts COVID quarantine period for international travellers
China will halve to seven days its COVID-19 quarantine period for visitors from overseas, with a further three days spent at home, Reuters...
16:45
Congressmen alarmed that Biden again approves U.S. military aid to Azerbaijan
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chair Bob Menendez (D-NJ) and House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence Chair Adam Schiff (D-CA)...
16:30
Rain, thunderstorms expected in some parts of Armenia
Rain and thunderstorms are expected in some parts of Armenia from 28 June to July 3, the Hydrometeorology and Monitoring Center reports, adding...
16:06
Politician: Armenian ambassador hasn't yet handed over his credentials to Russian leader
Armenian Ambassador to Russia Vagharshak Harutyunyan, who took office in January, has not yet handed over his credentials to Russian President...
15:34
Armenian parliament majority 'divided' on ouster of opposition MPs, speaker says
The Armenian parliament leadership affiliated with the ruling Civil Contract party will soon discuss stripping opposition lawmakers boycotting...
14:58
Opposition leader: There is only one way to save Armenia and Artsakh
Opposition leader and deputy parliament speaker Ishkhan Saghatelyan again accused the incumbent Armenian authorities of plotting new territorial...
14:26
Russia sanctions 25 US nationals, including Biden’s family members
Moscow has imposed retaliatory sanctions on 25 US nationals, including President Joe Biden’s family members, for their Russophobic...
14:12
Analyst urges Armenian authorities to invite Minsk Group co-chairs to Yerevan
Political analyst Suren Sargsyan urges the Armenian authorities to invite the OSCE Minsk Group mediators to Yerevan. "France and the...
13:36
Opposition MP: Armenian authorities preparing people for 'new big concessions'
Tigran Abrahamyan, a lawmaker from the opposition Pativ Unem (With Honor) faction, on Tuesday reacted to Nikol Pashinyan’s latest...
13:01
US looks forward to Minsk Group's continuing work – State Department
The Russian co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group has turned down an invitation by his U.S. counterpart to discuss Nagorno-Karabakh’s future,...
12:36
Armenia's NSS reveals another high treason case
Armenia’s National Security Service (NSS) has uncovered another high treason case involving an army officer. The serviceman,...
11:56
Monkeypox cases rise to more than 3,400 globally, WHO says
More than 3,400 confirmed monkeypox cases and one death were reported to the World Health Organization as of last Wednesday, with a majority of...
11:46
Armenian, Turkish special envoys to meet in Vienna on Friday
The next meeting of the Armenian and Turkish special representatives for normalization of relations will take place in Vienna on Friday, July 1,...
11:26
Armenia and Armenian people 'have no allies', analyst says
Armenia and the Armenian people “have no allies”, according to political analyst Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan. “We are alone...
11:13
Russia defaults on its foreign debt for first time since 1918
Russia defaulted on its foreign debt obligations for the first time since 1918 on Monday, according to Moody’s. "On 27 June,...
17:15
Armenian exporters and farmers may go bankrupt amid Larsi road closure, economist warns
Economist Suren Parsyan on Monday reacted to the closure of the Stepantsminda-Larsi highway, which connects Armenia and Russia via Georgia, due...
16:48
Temperatures to rise across Armenia
Rain and thunderstorms are expected in some parts of Armenia from 27 June to July 2, the Hydrometeorology and Monitoring Center reports, adding...
16:35
Artak Zeynalyan refuses to comment on audio scandal involving SJC head
Armenia’s former Justice Minister Artak Zeynalyan, who has been nominated for a judge of the Administrative Chamber of the Court of...
15:56
Armenian ruling party MP steps down
Artur Davtyan, an MP from Armenia’s ruling Civil Contract party, has tendered his resignation, the parliament said on Monday. Under...
15:36
Artsakh FM pays working visit to Russia
Foreign Minister of the Artsakh Republic David Babayan was on a working visit to Russia on June 21-27. In Moscow and a number of other...
15:21
Armenian judicial watchdog head to undergo surgery, member says
The acting head of the Supreme Judicial Council (SJC) overseeing Armenian courts, Gagik Jhangiryan, is set to undergo surgery, SJC member David...
14:57
ANIF uses names of foreigners to cover up shady deals – Pastinfo
The foreign leaders of the Armenian National Interests Fund (ANIF) are unaware of, if not isolated, from the trust management of the shares of...
13:41
Weekly Covid cases rise in Armenia
Armenia confirmed 139 new coronavirus infections over the past one week, bringing the national tally to 423,243 as of 11 a.m. Monday, June 27,...
13:15
Spouse of ex-Ukrainian ambassador publicly insults Armenian fallen soldier's father
The spouse of former Ukrainian Ambassador to Armenia Alexander Bozhko publically insulted Armenian opposition MP Gegham Nazaryan, who lost his...
13:00
Israel may allow Iran to transfer oil to Syria under US supervision
Israel may give its approval to a reported US-brokered deal allowing Iran to transfer oil to Syria, ahead of the resumption of talks to revive...
12:30
Raymond Kévorkian's book on Armenian Genocide history published in Persian
“The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History” by French historian Raymond Kévorkian has been published in Persian by the Afkar...
12:00
Yerevan mayor off to France on official visit
An Armenian delegation led by Yerevan Mayor Hrachya Sargsyan travelled to France on a 12-day official visit on Sunday, the Yerevan...
11:40
US to announce purchase of missile defense system for Ukraine this week
The US plans to announce as soon as this week that it has purchased an advanced, medium-to-long range surface-to-air missile defense system for...
11:26
Stepantsminda-Larsi road closed to all vehicles
Stepantsminda-Larsi highway connecting Armenia and Russia via Georgia is closed to all vehicles as of Monday morning, the Armenian Ministry of...
11:06
Magnitude 3․7 quake hits Armenia-Georgia border area
The Territorial Survey for Seismic Protection of Armenia’s Ministry of Emergency Situations recorded a magnitude 3․7 earthquake in the...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}