Interviews 17:03 10/04/2012

Baroness Cox: That was a cold blooded slaughter of civilians in Maragha 20 years ago

Panorama.am interviews Baroness Caroline Cox, who witnessed the aftermath of mass atrocity crime in Maragha village during early times of Nagorno Karabakh war, in April 1992

Panorama.am: My first question goes into your memories, Honorable Baroness. You have been to Maragha village right after the mass atrocities of April 10, 1992 – 20 years ago, when the village and its inhabitants were wiped out by the Azeri militia and the army. Do you have any untold memories to share?

Baroness Cox: Indeed, too many memories. We were in Stepanakert [then], and we heard there was an attack to the village, called Maragha. We immediately went out there on the day itself. Homes were still burning, still smoldering. We saw the evidence of the atrocities which had been carried out. I saw human bodies, beheaded. We had to do very unhappy thing of asking the local villagers if they would mind us to take photographic evidence of the bodies that they started to bury… I have one in front of me at the moment… And I also have a photograph in front of me of a villager holding an ear of his Armenian friend, which had been cut off by Azeris. So the horror was there. We also met some women, who survived, with photographs of their loved ones taken from their smoldering homes in order to have memories of their families who perished…

Panorama.am: I want to ask you to touch upon the international campaign of the Governments of Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh to bring in international outcry on the atrocity. What has been done so far, and what do you think should be done in this regards?

Baroness Cox: Ever since I witnessed the atrocities of what happened in Maragha, I have been urging the Armenian Government and [Nagorno] Karabakh Government to get the story told to the international community, to raise this as a really serious example of Azeri crimes against humanity. What happened in Maragha was a serious [crime] in terms of cold blooded slaughter of civilians with decapitation and burning.

The Government of Nagorno Karabakh has indeed published an account of what happened in Maragha. I think the Governments of Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh should make efforts to place it on the news screens of international community: it was an absolutely horrendous, cold blooded crime, a deliberate slaughter of innocent civilians in a brutal way. And I think the Armenian Government really should be making it an international issue, and taking Azerbaijan into international arena, to get this horrible situation on the record, and Azerbaijan called to international accountability.

What happened in Maragha is an untold truth, and needs to be told both for justice and for the people of Maragha who suffered so much, their survivors shall know that justice is done, and Azerbaijan to be brought to account for that apparent crime against humanity.

Panorama.am: Following up on what you just mentioned, considering there was no any “military necessity” to wage an attack on Maragha, and it was quite away from the war scene, can we claim it was a war crime and/or a crime against humanity, as you phrased it?

Baroness Cox: It is certain that what I saw was clearly an apparent crime against humanity, which needs investigation. I saw a bloody slaughter against innocent civilians, innocent villagers. Armenia really needs to make a case for recognition of that as a crime against humanity.

Panorama.am: Few days ago when the Armenian MPs were visiting Baku for Euronest part session, Mr Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan, called them “fascists”. In an earlier statement he proclaimed “world Armenians are the enemy number one for Azerbaijan”. Judging from the current totalitarian regime of Mr Aliyev and his family, do you think international recognition of NKR is a best measure towards new atrocity prevention?

Baroness Cox: I think there are the “Madrid Principles”, which are on the table, which I think is agreed by the international community as an appropriate way forward. They would give the Armenians of Nagorno Karabakh the right to self determination and for secession, and it should be internationally recognized in the same way as other valid recognitions of the right of self determination and secession have been granted to the people that had been subjected or attempted to ethnic cleansing. There is no doubt that Azerbaijan had the intent upon ethnic cleansing upon the Armenians living in Nagorno Karabakh. The President [Abdulfaz] Elcibey once said his “famous” statement that if a single Armenian was left alive in Karabakh by next October, then the people of Azerbaijan could take him and hang at the centre square of Baku. This was a pretty forceful statement of ethnic cleansing. The whole policy of the Operation “Ring” was a tacit example of ethnic cleansing. So they have the right, I believe, for self determination and secession, the same was as any other minority group in a country where the regime of that country is trying to exterminate them physically and culturally.

Panorama.am: The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) report last year alarmed, that it’s unsafe to show Armenian identity in Azerbaijan, as the person would risk getting into huge troubles, to put it in a smooth way. What steps shall the international community undertake for easing the human rights and freedoms issue there, and eventually – for denazification of Azerbaijan?

Baroness Cox: Well, I think, Azerbaijan is a country that carries out oppressive measures such as, as we all know, inhibitions on the freedom of speech. I think, there has been somebody who tried to tell the truth about Khojaly, and he had been imprisoned. Any attempt of inhibition of telling the truth is a fundamental violation of the fundamental human right of freedom of speech. Any country which contravenes those fundamental human rights, as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, should be called into account, and there should be measures taken against this. So I think there need to be recognition, and much more robust calling into account to Azerbaijan for its human rights violations against its own people today, who are suffering an absence of any respect towards their human rights. Azerbaijan human rights record is extremely unsatisfactory.

Panorama.am: Thank you very much indeed, Baroness, for this interview.

Baroness Cox: Please pass over assurances of my thoughts and prayers to the people of Maragha, and let them know that I will make all possible to make the world knowing the truth.



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

20:23
Court of Cassation partly satisfied Prosecutor General's appeal regarding Robert Kocharyan
The RA Court of Cassation today examined the appeals of Robert Kocharyan's lawyers and the RA Prosecutor General's Office. The...
19:48
Armenia's Permanent Representative to PACE elected Chairman of the CoE Committee of Ministers
On November 14, Armenia's Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe (PACE) Paruyr Hovhannisyan was elected Chairman of the CoE...
19:41
Gazprom Armenia: There is no final agreement on gas price imported to Armenia
At present, there is no final decision on the gas price imported to Armenia, the director of "Gazprom Armenia" Hrant Tadevosyan told...
19:18
Pashinyan’s "My Step" has no approved slogan yet
"My Step" alliance has no approved slogan yet, Vahan Kostanyan, spokesperson for the "Civil Contract" party, wrote on his...
19:06
Fire breaks out in Antalya
Fire broke out in the forest and field areas in Manavgat district of Turkey's Antalya province,  Ermenihaber informs. Turkish...
19:02
Merkel is happy with the progress in Brexit talks
German Chancellor Angela Merkel is very happy for the common agreement reached over Brexit in the run of long and difficult negotiations, Russia...
18:20
Ancient skeleton of pregnant woman discovered in Egypt
Archaeologists have uncovered the ancient remains of a woman who died towards the end of her pregnancy, Egypt’s Supreme Council of...
18:08
Aivazovsky’s ‘The Sea at Koktebel’ displayed at Moscow exhibition
‘The Sea at Koktebel’ (1853), a painting by world-renowned seascape artist Hovhannes (Ivan) Aivazovsky, has gone on display at a...
17:46
Converse Bank announces 25 percent cashback for students
Ahead of the International Students Day, Converse Bank is launching another loyalty campaign - the bank's student cardholders can benefit...
17:41
Armenia’s Aronian finishes 3rd in Tata Steel chess tour
Armenian grandmaster Levon Aronian has taken the third place at Tata Steel India chess tournament, which came to an end in Kolkata on...
16:54
EP rapporteur: EU should formally suspend Turkey accession talks
The European Parliament should recommend that the EU formally suspend membership negotiations with Turkey because the process has lost all...
16:42
Armenian government approves bill to hold sessions behind open doors
The Armenian government approved on Thursday a draft law that would make all sessions public. Under the current law, Cabinet meetings are...
16:12
Criminal investigation not a ‘verdict’ yet, tax chief on Gazprom Armenia case
The misconduct in Gazprom Armenia has been found during the planned audit, State Revenue Committee (SRC) Chairman David Ananyan told reporters...
15:30
Trump picks handbag designer to be envoy to South Africa
President Donald Trump has nominated handbag designer Lana Marks to be the next US ambassador to South Africa, CNN reports. Marks, a Florida...
15:11
Business Armenia chief steps down
Business Armenia CEO Armen Avak Avakian has submitted resignation to the Board of Trustees of the foundation, he said in a Facebook post....
14:43
FM: ‘It’s illogical to believe that a territorial concession from Artsakh can resolve the conflict’
Foreign Minister of the Republic of Artsakh Masis Mayilian has given an interview to the Azat Artsakh (Free Artsakh) republican newspaper....
14:17
Protesters demand resignation of acting education chiefs outside government
A group of students gathered in front of the Armenian government building on Thursday demanding the resignation of acting Minister of Education...
13:30
White House aide Mira Ricardel removed after Melania Trump row
White House Deputy National Security Adviser Mira Ricardel has left her post, following a high-profile row with US First Lady Melania Trump, BBC...
13:27
Armenian parliament to hold special session on Nov. 21
The Armenian government proposes the parliament speaker to convene a special session on November 21, at 11am. The proposal was presented by...
12:57
French Queen Marie Antoinette pearl and diamond pendant auctioned for record $36m
A pearl and diamond pendant that belonged to ill-fated has been sold for $36m (£28m) in what Sotheby's auction house says is a world...
12:47
Gudauri-Koby road closed for trucks
Gudauri-Koby road leading to Upper Lars is closed for trucks due to bad weather conditions, the RA Embassy in Georgia reports. The road is...
12:41
National Assembly snap elections: Only one out of 11 political forces headed by a woman
Armenia’s Central Electoral Commission will register the electoral lists submitted by the political forces to the commission within the...
12:18
Artsakh NA Speaker congratulates US Congress representatives
Ashot Ghulyan, Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republic of Artsakh, sent congratulation letters on November 14 to a group of US...
11:58
RPA: In some issues we will be uncompromising
Vigen Sargsyan, the leader of the proportional list of the Republican Party, has talked about the RPA stance as an opposition party....
11:32
Henrikh Mkhitaryan takes pictures with Gibraltarian children
Armenian national football team arrived in Gibraltar two days ago for Gibraltar-Armenia match due on November 16 at 20h45 CET. Arsenal...
11:11
Italy interested in Armenian President's quantum behavioral theory
Armenian President Armen Sarkissian paid a working visit to Italy Wednesday, the President’s press service informed. President...
10:52
French authorities close investigation into Interpol disappearance
French authorities say they have closed an investigation into the disappearance and subsequent detention in China of the former president of...
10:40
Macron: France is Washington's ally, not a vassal state
President Emmanuel Macron said on Wednesday two long-time allies like France and the US should treat each other with respect and that France was...
20:34
Obama memoir 'Becoming' released as part of $60M book deal
Former U.S. first lady Michelle Obama’s memoir “Becoming” rocketed to the top of best-sellers lists ahead of its release on...
20:26
475 convicts released under amnesty as of now
A total of 475 convicts have been released from correctional facilities across Armenia under the recently adopted amnesty law as of 6pm...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}