Politics 16:44 25/02/2022 Armenia

Analyst: Putin himself says Karabakh conflict isn’t resolved when signing declaration with Azerbaijan

Author Lala Ter-Ghazaryan

Armenian political analyst and Voskanapat Analytical Center head Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan spoke about the declaration on allied cooperation between Russia and Azerbaijan signed in Moscow on February 22, Armenian-Russian relations and the possible impact of the document on the settlement of the Artsakh issue in an interview with Panorama.am on Friday.

Panorama.am: On 22 February the leaders of Russia and Azerbaijan signed a declaration on allied cooperation between the two countries. Armenia is not Russia's only ally in the South Caucasus from now on. Was such a scenario expected for you?

Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan: The processes of recent years show that Russia has revised or, more precisely, developed a new strategy for the regions adjacent to it. Moscow's actions and statements indicate that restoring Russian hegemony in the post-Soviet space is its key priority. The South Caucasus, of course, is no exception.

This presupposes non-standard solutions. My first impression is that if, for example, in Ukraine Russia solves its problems by force, in our region it’s exactly the opposite; they are trying to act as a country that brings peace and cooperation. But at the same time, I must admit that the declaration on allied cooperation between Russia and Azerbaijan was not only a surprise to me, but also an unpleasant, very unpleasant surprise.

By and large, let's not forget that at one time Russia's sales of weaponry to Azerbaijan was also presented to our society as part of a policy aimed at reducing the risks of war by ensuring a balance of power and establishing Russian control over the process of arming the conflicting parties. And what did it lead us to in 2020? Thus, things are really bad. Azerbaijan is sure to try to take advantage of these realities and now, acting as Russia's ally, will try to extort new concessions for itself in the region, in return for trying to offer Moscow such services, which were exclusively provided by Armenia previously.

Panorama.am: Has Armenia "contributed” anyhow to the signing of such a document between its ally and its enemy? Could the signing of the declaration have been prevented if diplomatic efforts had been made?

Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan: Since the 44-day war, Armenian diplomacy has had zero influence not only on regional processes, but also on those concerning the vital interests of the Republic of Armenia. Unfortunately, this is a fact. Before the war, the same diplomacy did everything, as if on purpose, to neutralize all our political mechanisms related to security, to make them disappear. Armenia not only heavily contributed to the signing of the declaration, but became its main ‘catalyst’. Thus, I will not be surprised if sometime in the future Nikol Pashinyan is awarded by Baku for his contribution to such a great development in Russian-Azerbaijani relations.

Panorama.am: What steps should Armenia take after the signing of this document?

Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan: The Armenian Foreign Ministry has already, in fact, welcomed the signing of this declaration. Notably, it expressed the hope that the document "would open up additional opportunities for the implementation of the provisions of the three statements signed by the leaders of Armenia, Russia and Azerbaijan, which could also contribute to the lasting and comprehensive settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict under the auspices of the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairmanship.” What can I say after all that? Armenia finds itself in the same situation as the citizens of Ukraine, who are welcoming the Russian troops entering their towns and villages.

Panorama.am: How could the declaration affect Russian-Armenian relations?

Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan: You see, if Moscow had had even a shadow of doubt that taking relations with Azerbaijan to an allied level would cause problems with Armenia, they would not have taken that step.

Especially now, when memories of the 44-day war are still fresh in our country, when our servicemen are still suffering in Baku prisons. I am convinced that nothing will change in Armenian-Russian relations on the state level. And our people, unfortunately, are already used to such disappointments. But on a deeper level, of course, things will change. We need to be a bit more realistic about things. We need to understand that our interests are paramount only to ourselves, not to expect Russia or some other country to resolve our problems instead of us.

It is necessary to properly assess the current realities and to pursue a competent policy. Only then will it be possible to take such events easy and to neutralize their possible negative impacts on Armenia. After all, it is clear that in terms of long-term tactics there are many more factors linking Armenia and Russia than there are developments contributing to the current Russian-Azerbaijani and Russian-Turkish cooperation. We just need to do the right and consistent work, and, I repeat myself, adequately perceive all the realities.

Panorama.am: The first clause of the declaration says, “The parties build their relations on the basis of mutual respect for the territorial integrity of the two countries.” How will it affect the settlement of the Artsakh issue?

Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan: Yes, the wording of the first clause of the declaration is problematic for us. But one and the same sentence can be interpreted differently in different times. Who said that the concept of "territorial integrity of Azerbaijan" implies Artsakh’s affiliation with the Baku regime? Was it Aliyev? I say no, Artsakh has no connection with Azerbaijan and its territorial integrity. And this claim is based on extensive factual evidence. Do we want Artsakh to be independent? So, we must pursue a policy aimed at solving the problem. The main problem here is not the first clause of the mentioned declaration. It lies in the person who sits in the government building located on the Republic Square in Yerevan. It is he who does not speak about Artsakh's future, who compromises our national interests and who's afraid to even think about Artsakh's independence. Whereas, for example, Putin himself declared that the Artsakh issue has not yet been resolved at the time of signing the declaration.

Panorama.am: The document also reflects on cooperation in military-political and military-technical spheres, strengthening and deepening cooperation between the two countries’ armies. Should Armenia be worried about this?

Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan: Yes, absolutely. It could pose an existential threat to the two Armenian republics. But what to do? The answer is the same again: we have to change the situation by, first of all, changing our mindset, and only then the things around us. This is a matter of years and even decades. The same realistic way of seeing things suggests that we need a long period of rehabilitation after suffering defeat in the war. And also help, including from Russia. I would say, first of all, from Russia.



Source Panorama.am
Share |
Տեքստում սխալ կամ վրիպակ նկատելու դեպքում, ուղարկեք խմբագրին հաղորդագրություն` նշելով տվյալ սխալը, այնուհետև սեղմելով Ctrl-Enter:

Newsfeed

11:00
Biden confirms he'll seek re-election in 2024
U.S. President Joe Biden told Rev. Al Sharpton that he will seek a second term in a private conversation at the White House last month, the...
17:00
Temperatures to rise in Armenia
Showers and thunderstorms are possible in some parts of Armenia on October 3. No rainfall is forecast for October 4-8, the Hydrometeorology...
16:36
Pro-government MP nominated as new CEC chair
Armenia’s ruling Civil Contract party has nominated MP Vahagn Hovakimyan to become the next chairman of the Central Electoral Commission...
16:14
No paper will stop Baku and Ankara, says former Armenian PM
Armenia's former Prime Minister Vazgen Manukyan believes it is necessary to stop further negotiations with Azerbaijan and Turkey after a new...
15:36
Red Cross representatives visited Armenian soldiers captured in September
Representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) do not release statistical data on the number of Armenian servicemen...
14:52
Avetik Chalabyan: No peace deal can 'save' Armenia with Pashinyan, Aliyev in power
Public figure and opposition activist Avetik Chalabyan has expressed outrage at the appalling video circulating on social media on Sunday that...
13:51
EU members plan sanctions against Iran over protests clampdown
Germany, France, Denmark, Spain, Italy and the Czech Republic have submitted proposals for new European Union sanctions against Iran for...
13:32
Armenian official reacts sharply to Klaar's tweet on alleged 'war crimes' against Azerbaijanis
Armenian Ambassador-at-Large Edmon Marukyan has reacted sharply to a tweet by Toivo Klaar, the European Union's special representative for...
13:02
Artsakh is a 'shield' that has protected Armenia for centuries, FM says
Artsakh is a “shield” that has protected Armenia for centuries and ensured the security of the Armenian people, Artsakh Foreign...
12:33
Three junior Armenian boxers advance to European Championships final
Three Armenian boxers have made it to the final of the EUBC Junior European Boxing Championships in Montesilvano, Italy. Vagharshak Keyan...
11:57
Pashinyan: Azerbaijan refuses to fulfill its promise to release POWs for second time
Azerbaijan refuses to fulfill its promise to release Armenian prisoners of war (POWs) for the second time, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said...
11:45
Armenia records 910 new Covid cases in one week
Armenia confirmed 910 new coronavirus infections over the past one week, bringing the national tally to 443,785 as of 11 a.m. Monday October 3,...
11:30
Armenian, Azerbaijani FMs meet in Geneva
Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan and Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Jeyhun Bayramov met in Geneva on Sunday. Mirzoyan reiterated the...
11:15
Sony Pictures picks up rights to new Tarzan film
Tarzan, the classic pulp hero created by Edgar Rice Buroughs, may be heading to the screen once again, according to The Hollywood Reporter....
11:00
Armenia demands clear assessment of Azerbaijan's appalling war crimes
Armenia demands a clear assessment of the appalling war crimes committed by the Azerbaijani military, the Foreign Ministry said in a statement...
17:00
No rain in sight for Armenia
No rainfall is expected in Armenia’s regions from October 1-6, the Hydrometeorology and Monitoring Center reports. The northwesterly...
16:45
Nine European nationals arrested in Iran protests
Iran's Intelligence Ministry said on Friday that nine foreign nationals had been arrested in connection with the ongoing protests that broke...
16:39
'Prelude to capitulation': ARF leader reacts to Pashinyan's interview
ARF Armenia Chair Ishkhan Saghatelyan, an MP from the opposition Hayastan bloc, has reacted to Nikol Pashinyan's statements at a televised...
16:16
Armenian parliament speaker to pay official visit to Moscow
The speaker of the Armenian parliament, Alen Simonyan, has received an invitation from Russian State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin to pay an...
15:36
California declares Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day as state holiday
California Governor Gavin Newsom on Friday signed a bill declaring April 24 a state holiday in remembrance of the Armenian...
15:15
Artsakh MPs call for Security Council meeting
Artsakh Republic President Araik Harutyunyan on Saturday held a meeting with representatives of the parliamentary factions, the presidential...
14:46
Apple VP fired over off-color joke in TikTok video
One of Apple Inc.’s most senior executives is leaving after he turned up in a viral video on TikTok making an off-color joke that he...
14:36
Two Azerbaijanis wounded in mine explosion in Karabakh
Two Azerbaijanis were severely injured in a landmine explosion in the Azerbaijani-occupied Hasangaya village of Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh), TASS...
14:06
Japan's envoy concerned about situation after Azeri military aggression against Armenia
Armenia’s Deputy Prime Minister Hambardzum Matevosyan on Friday hosted Japanese Ambassador to Armenia Masanori Fukushima, the...
13:33
Menendez amendments aim to end US military aid to Azerbaijan, block F-16 sales to Turkey
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Menendez (D-NJ) has introduced two amendments to the Fiscal Year 2023 National Defense...
13:13
Former MP: Azeri envoy cites Pashinyan's Artsakh statement
Azerbaijani Ambassador to Germany Nasimi Aghayev has cited Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan's latest statement on Artsakh...
12:45
Artsakh will never be part of Azerbaijan, FM reiterates
Republic of Artsakh Foreign Minister David Babayan attended and addressed the session of the Los Angeles City Council on Friday September 30,...
12:33
Biden signs bill providing over $12bn in aid to Ukraine
US President Joe Biden signed a bill on Friday approving appropriations through December 16, 2022, including an additional $12.4 billion to...
12:15
Opposition MP criticizes Pashinyan's statements at televised interview
MP Aram Vardevanyan of the opposition Hayastan bloc has deplored Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan's statements at an interview to the...
11:30
Russia vetoes UN resolution condemning referendums in Ukraine
Russia vetoed a U.N. resolution Friday that would have condemned its referendums in four Ukrainian regions as illegal, declared them invalid and...

Follow us and get updates!

Most popular articles

{"core.blocks.header.spell_message1":"Selected mistake: ","core.blocks.header.spell_message2":"Send a message about the mistake?"}